Azerbaijan in Brief

General Information

Establishment Date: 28 May 1918
Independence Day: 18 October 1991
Official Language: Azerbaijani
Capital City: Baku

Constitutional Order

Form of Government: Presidential Unitary Republic
Legal System: Based on Civil Law System
Head of State: President
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Parliament: Unicameral National Assembly (Milli Mejlis)
International Cooperation: UN, IMF, WB, OSCE, Council of Europe, CIS, NATO Partnership Program

Economic Structure

Economic Strategy: Sustainable economic development and macroeconomic stability
Economic System: Market economy
Gross Domestic Product (2012): 69.2 billion USD
GDP per Sector of the Economy (2012): industry - 50%; social and non-formal services - 13.8%; construction - 9.2%; agriculture - 5.2%; trade, public catering, hotels - 8.4%; transport and communication - 5.5%
FDI (2012): 5.4 billion USD
Exports (2012): 23.9 billion USD
Imports (2012): 9.6 billion USD

Geography and Population

Territory: 86,600 sq. km
Location: 40° 30' North Latitude and 47° 30' East Longitude
Neighboring Countries: Iran in the south 765 km, Armenia in the west 1,007 km, Georgia in the northwest 480 km, Russia in the north 390 km, Turkey in the southwest 15 km
Population (2012): 9,235,100
Religions: Islam, Christianity, Judaism
Climate: Varies from an arid subtropical and humid subtropical to a mountainous tundra climate. Nine out of existing eleven climate zones are present.
Largest Cities: Baku, Ganja, Sumgayit, Nakhchivan
Highest Mountain: Bazarduzu, 4,466 m
Longest River(s): Kur, 1,515 km
Largest Lake(s): Sarisu, 67 sq. km
Raw Materials: Oil, gas, copper, gold, aluminum, mineral waters


Road Network: 22,000 km
Railway Network: 2,079 km
Major Ports: Baku (biggest Caspian port)
Air Traffic: Passenger and cargo services to the CIS, Europe, China and Middle East
Largest Airport: Heydar Aliyev International Airport (GYD)

Useful Links

Download list of Azerbaijan Embassies abroad