Results of ADB-supported Operations: Afghanistan

As Afghanistan's fourth-largest donor, ADB has helped stimulate the economy, drive through critical reforms, and repair the country’s shattered infrastructure over a period of 40 years. In 1989, the outbreak of civil war forced ADB to suspend its operations in Afghanistan, though these resumed in 2001.

In its latest country partnership strategy for the period 2009-2013, ADB continues to focus on energy, transport, and irrigation. Support also includes capacity and institutional development and attention to sector governance, especially public financial management, procurement, and anticorruption measures.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Afghanistan and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Outputs from ADB-Supported Operations in Afghanistan, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Energy
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 241
Finance
Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached (number) 150
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 657
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 13,001,000
Water
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 100,000

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 241 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36673-013: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Loan 1997 03-Jun-03 Ongoing Successful 241
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 150

The definition of SME follows the definition as generally used in the country of the project.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37903-014: Afghanistan International Bank Private Sector 7199 13-May-04 31-Dec-10 Highly successful/successful 150
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 657 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37075-013: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Loan 2140 15-Dec-04 30-Jun-14 Successful 210
36673-013: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Loan 1997 03-Jun-03 Ongoing Successful 447
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 13,001,000

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37075-013: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Loan 2140 15-Dec-04 30-Jun-14 Successful 800,000
37136-013: Regional Airports Rehabilitation Project Phase I Loan 2105 23-Nov-04 TBD Less Successful 3,201,000
36673-013: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Loan 1997 03-Jun-03 Ongoing Successful 9,000,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 100,000 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36673-013: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Loan 1997 03-Jun-03 Ongoing Successful 100,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Cellular phone towers in Kabul. 3.2 million subscribers have lower bills and improved service resulting from $130 million in ADB loans to the country’s largest mobile phone operator.