Results of ADB-supported Operations: Afghanistan

As Afghanistan's fourth-largest donor, ADB has helped stimulate the economy, drive through critical reforms, and repair the country’s shattered infrastructure over a period of 40 years. In 1989, the outbreak of civil war forced ADB to suspend its operations in Afghanistan, though these resumed in 2001.

In its latest country partnership strategy for the period 2009-2013, ADB continues to focus on energy, transport, and irrigation. Support also includes capacity and institutional development and attention to sector governance, especially public financial management, procurement, and anticorruption measures.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Afghanistan and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Outputs from ADB-Supported Operations in Afghanistan

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Energy
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tCO2-equivalent per year) 600,000
Transport
Use of roads built or upgraded (average daily vehicle-kilometers in the first full year of operation) 1,106,416
Use of railways built or upgraded (average daily ton-kilometers in the first full year of operation) 487,500
Roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 431
Expressways and national highways built or updgraded (kilometers) 221
Provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 210
Roads built or upgraded, Rural (kilometers) 301
Roads built or upgraded, Urban (kilometers) 130
Railways constructed or/and upgraded (kilometers) 75
Finance
Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached (number) 150
Regional Cooperation and Integration
Cross-border cargo volume facilitated (tons per year) 4,006,000

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2010-2013: 600,000 tCO2-equivalent per year

The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
42533-022: Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Project Project grant 0161 2009 12/31/2012 Highly successful 600,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Use of roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 1,106,416 average daily vehicle-kilometers in the first full year of operation

Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39467-013: North-South Corridor Project Project 2257/G0054/G0135 2006 8/19/2013 Successful 751,306
37075: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Project 2140 15/12/2004 31/06/2011 Successful 355,110
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Use of railways built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 487,500 average daily ton-kilometers in the first full year of operation

Railway freight benefiting from built or upgraded railway in the year after project completion. Ton-kilometer is often based on data provided by the railway company, as revenues are typically collected on this basis. If this is not available then daily ton-kilometer is calculated by multiplying the daily freight tons carried by the average number of kilometers hauled. The indicator excludes urban rail.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
42533-022: Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Project Project grant 0161 2009 12/31/2012 Highly successful 487,500
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 431 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39467-013: North-South Corridor Project Project 2257/G0054/G0135 2006 8/19/2013 Successful 221
37075: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Project 2140 15/12/2004 31/06/2011 Successful 210
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Expressways and national highways built or updgraded between 2010-2013: 221 kilometers

Expressways and national highways built or updgraded (kilometers)

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39467-013: North-South Corridor Project Project 2257/G0054/G0135 2006 8/19/2013 Successful 221
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 210 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37075: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Project 2140 15/12/2004 31/06/2011 Successful 210
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Roads built or upgraded, Rural between 2010-2013: 301 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39467-013: North-South Corridor Project Project 2257/G0054/G0135 2006 8/19/2013 Successful 199
37075: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Project 2140 15/12/2004 31/06/2011 Successful 102
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Roads built or upgraded, Urban between 2010-2013: 130 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39467-013: North-South Corridor Project Project 2257/G0054/G0135 2006 8/19/2013 Successful 22
37075: Andkhoy-Qaisar Road Project 2140 15/12/2004 31/06/2011 Successful 108
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Railways constructed or/and upgraded between 2010-2013: 75 kilometers

Length of railway tracks built or upgraded in kilometers (double tracks do not count twice). Railways refer to intercity and/or regional rail infrastructure.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
42533-022: Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Project Project grant 0161 2009 12/31/2012 Highly successful 75
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached between 2010-2013: 150

Preferably number of end borrowers, but if not available, the number of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) loan accounts opened (regardless of amount) over the course of the project. The calculation does not include equity operations for SMEs. The definition of SMEs follows the definition generally used in the country of the project.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37903: Afghanistan International Bank Equity 7199 5/13/2004 12/31/2010 Highly successful 150
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Cross-border cargo volume facilitated between 2010-2013: 4,006,000 tons per year

Volume of cargo that crossed borders that are facilitated by ADB operations contributing to regional connectivity. Such operations may include regional road construction and rehabilitation, and border infrastructure and systems improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
42533-022: Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Project Project grant 0161 2009 12/31/2012 Highly successful 4,006,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.