The period covered by ADB's country operations business plan (COBP), 2014-2015, for Afghanistan will be characterized by a withdrawal of the international security assistance forces and an expected decrease in foreign aid in 2014 onward. The transition period poses both opportunities for the country and challenges.

Recognizing the economic, social, and political uncertainties brought about by the transition period, the government requested ADB to continue implementing the country partnership strategy (CPS), 2009-2013.

COBP 2014-2015 is aligned with selected development priorities in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy and the national priority programs. It supports inclusive growth by focusing on infrastructure investments that will lead to higher economic growth, connecting poor people to markets, and increasing access of poor people to basic productive assets and social services. The priority sectors identified in the CPS - energy, transport, and natural resources management - will be pursued through investment projects under the COBP, as well as the following thematic issues:

  • gender equity,
  • good governance,
  • private sector development, and
  • regional cooperation.