Results of ADB-supported Operations: Bangladesh

Since 1973, ADB has been a key partner in Bangladesh's struggle for a better future by contributing to critical economic and governance reforms in the South Asian country.

As one of Bangladesh's largest sources of financing, ADB has supported projects in the energy, water supply and sanitation, agriculture and natural resources, education, and transport sectors.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Bangladesh and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Bangladesh, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 5,584
Teachers trained (number) 154,167
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 2,137,959
Energy
Installed energy generation capacity (megawatt equivalent) 450
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 1,175
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 12,000
New households connected to electricity (number) 1,480,698
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 291,426
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 1,461,654
Transport
Expressway built or updgraded (kilometers) 176
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 14,910
Railways constructed or/and upgraded (kilometers) 621
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 115,476,898
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 666
New households served with water supply (number) 45,018
New households served with sanitation (number) 26,521
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 1,180,054

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 5,584

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32193-013: Northwest Crop Diversification Project Loan 1782 21-Nov-00 12-Jan-10 Successful 8
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 781
30332-013: Secondary Education Sector Improvement Project Loan 1690 22-Jun-99 25-Apr-07 Successful 1,154
30032-013: Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project Loan 1643 27-Nov-98 19-Dec-07 Unsuccessful 80
27148: Second Primary Education Sector Project Loan 1521 22-May-97 30-Jun-03 Highly successful / successful 3,561
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Teachers trained between 2004-2012: 154,167

The number of teachers or professors trained over the duration of the project as a result of the project, both pre-service in order to become teachers; and in-service, for teachers to acquire or improve their teaching capacity. Teachers refer to those employed in formal primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32193-013: Northwest Crop Diversification Project Loan 1782 21-Nov-00 12-Jan-10 Successful 4,587
30332-013: Secondary Education Sector Improvement Project Loan 1690 22-Jun-99 25-Apr-07 Successful 69,580
27148: Second Primary Education Sector Project Loan 1521 22-May-97 30-Jun-03 Highly successful / successful 80,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 2,137,959

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32193-013: Northwest Crop Diversification Project Loan 1782 21-Nov-00 12-Jan-10 Successful 384,585
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 18,451
30332-013: Secondary Education Sector Improvement Project Loan 1690 22-Jun-99 25-Apr-07 Successful 762,763
30032-013: Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project Loan 1643 27-Nov-98 19-Dec-07 Unsuccessful 1,600
27148: Second Primary Education Sector Project Loan 1521 22-May-97 30-Jun-03 Highly successful / successful 970,560
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Installed energy generation capacity between 2004-2012: 450 megawatt equivalent

The indicator, given in megawatt (MW) equivalent is the total incremental generating capacity of a generation project. This may be power sourced from renewable technology or from conventional sources e.g., oil, coal, or large hydro. A project may involve construction of a new power plant or simply acquisition of an asset, e.g., the private sector acquiring a government-owned coal plant. This includes the MW-equivalent capacity of additional heating supply as well as hydrocarbon-based energy added through production or additional import capacity. Energy export is excluded from Level 2 measurement as it does not add to the energy resources of a country.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31909-014: Meghnagnat Private Sector 7165/1793 05-Dec-00 26-Nov-02 Highly successful/Successful 450
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 1,175 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
35466-013: Dhaka Clean Fuel Project Loan 1942/1943 26-Nov-02 21-Jun-10 Successful 60
31296-013: West Zone Power System Development Project Loan 1884/1885 17-Dec-01 08-Nov-10 Successful 840
28025-013: Dhaka Power System Upgrade Project Loan 1730/1731 21-Dec-99 14-Jun-10 Successful 82
21182: Ninth Power Project Loan 1505 18-Dec-96 12-Jul-04 Successful 110
20063: Third Natural Gas Development Project Loan 1293 21-Dec-93 23-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 83
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 12,000 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
35466-013: Dhaka Clean Fuel Project Loan 1942/1943 26-Nov-02 21-Jun-10 Successful 94
31296-013: West Zone Power System Development Project Loan 1884/1885 17-Dec-01 08-Nov-10 Successful 5,300
28025-013: Dhaka Power System Upgrade Project Loan 1730/1731 21-Dec-99 14-Jun-10 Successful 5,664
21182: Ninth Power Project Loan 1505 18-Dec-96 12-Jul-04 Successful 72
20063: Third Natural Gas Development Project Loan 1293 21-Dec-93 23-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 870
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 1,480,698

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31296-013: West Zone Power System Development Project Loan 1884/1885 17-Dec-01 08-Nov-10 Successful 259,700
28025-013: Dhaka Power System Upgrade Project Loan 1730/1731 21-Dec-99 14-Jun-10 Successful 963,998
21182: Ninth Power Project Loan 1505 18-Dec-96 12-Jul-04 Successful 257,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 291,426 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31909-014: Meghnagnat Private Sector 7165/1793 05-Dec-00 26-Nov-02 Highly successful/Successful 291,426
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 1,461,654

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
35225-013: Small and Medium Enterprise Sector Development Program (Project Loan) Loan 2148/2149/2150 20-Dec-04 21-Jun-10 Successful 3,264
34545-013: Southwest Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project Loan 1825 21-Dec-00 17-May-04 Highly successful / successful 137,000
32193-013: Northwest Crop Diversification Project Loan 1782 21-Nov-00 12-Jan-10 Successful 258,577
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 22,629
30032-013: Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project Loan 1643 27-Nov-98 19-Dec-07 Unsuccessful 31,816
26624-013: Rural Livelihood Project Loan 1634 29-Sep-98 22-Nov-07 Partly successful 507,958
25314: Participatory Livestock Development Project Loan 1524 19-Jun-97 10-Jul-03 Highly successful / successful 335,230
26623: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1486 21-Nov-96 30-Jun-06 Successful 137,000
30209-013: Second Small-Scale Water Resources Development Sector Project Loan 1831 12-Jul-01 15-Jun-10 Successful 28,180
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Expressway built or updgraded between 2004-2012: 176 kilometers

Length of expressways (i.e. fully access-controlled highways) built or upgraded, expressed in km. Access control means no direct crossings. "Expressways" can include roads that in certain countries are called highways if they have full access control. "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33243: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project   1789/1790 29-Nov-00 15-Apr-09 Successful 14
30022-013: Southwest Road Network Development Project Loan 1708 16-Nov-99 27-Sep-06 Successful 162
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 14,910 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
41657-013: Emergency Disaster Damage Rehabilitation Loan 2409 31-Jan-08 20-Apr-11 Highly successful 2,222
38625-013: Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project Loan 2156 20-Jan-05 13-Dec-07 Successful 7,310
31304-013: Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1952 02-Dec-02 12-Aug-09 Successful 1,325
33243: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project   1789/1790 29-Nov-00 15-Apr-09 Successful 461
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 252
30032-013: Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project Loan 1643 27-Nov-98 19-Dec-07 Unsuccessful 10
28023: 3rd Rural Infrastructure Development Loan 1581 20-Nov-97 30-Jun-05 Highly successful / successful 1,670
26623: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1486 21-Nov-96 30-Jun-06 Successful 226
29045: Jamuna Bridge Access Road Project Loan 1478 05-Nov-96 07-Aug-02 Highly successful / successful 77
26220: Command Area Development Project Loan 1399 07-Nov-95 30-Jun-03 Partly successful 82
24134: Secondary Towns Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1376 19-Sep-95 08-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 583
21087: Khulna-Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project Loan 1289 14-Dec-93 18-Mar-03 Unsuccessful 111
29041-013: Urban Governance and Infrastructure Loan 1947 28-Nov-02 8-Dec-10 Successful 581
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Railways constructed or/and upgraded between 2004-2012: 621 kilometers

Length of railroad tracks built or upgraded in km (double tracks do not count twice). Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
38625-013: Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project Loan 2156 20-Jan-05 13-Dec-07 Successful 149
34545-013: Southwest Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project Loan 1825 21-Dec-00 17-May-04 Highly successful / successful 128
26451: Jamuna Bridge Railway Link Project Loan 1561 02-Oct-97 18-Dec-03 Highly successful / successful 344
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 115,476,898

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
41657-013: Emergency Disaster Damage Rehabilitation Loan 2409 31-Jan-08 20-Apr-11 Highly successful 25,000,000
31304-013: Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1952 02-Dec-02 12-Aug-09 Successful 9,800,000
33243: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project   1789/1790 29-Nov-00 15-Apr-09 Successful 11,650,000
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 299,806
30022-013: Southwest Road Network Development Project Loan 1708 16-Nov-99 27-Sep-06 Successful 35,000,000
30032-013: Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project Loan 1643 27-Nov-98 19-Dec-07 Unsuccessful 1,000
28023: 3rd Rural Infrastructure Development Loan 1581 20-Nov-97 30-Jun-05 Highly successful / successful 13,220,592
26623: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1486 21-Nov-96 30-Jun-06 Successful 177,000
29045: Jamuna Bridge Access Road Project Loan 1478 05-Nov-96 07-Aug-02 Highly successful / successful 17,000,000
26220: Command Area Development Project Loan 1399 07-Nov-95 30-Jun-03 Partly successful 315,000
24134: Secondary Towns Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1376 19-Sep-95 08-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 2,213,500
21087: Khulna-Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project Loan 1289 14-Dec-93 18-Mar-03 Unsuccessful 800,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 666 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
25366: Second Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1264 16-Nov-93 28-Oct-02 Highly successful / successful 652
29041-013: Urban Governance and Infrastructure Loan 1947 28-Nov-02 8-Dec-10 Successful 14
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 45,018

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 28,406
25366: Second Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1264 16-Nov-93 28-Oct-02 Highly successful / successful 16,612
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 26,521

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
25366: Second Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1264 16-Nov-93 28-Oct-02 Highly successful / successful 26,521
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 1,180,054 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
41657-013: Emergency Disaster Damage Rehabilitation Loan 2409 31-Jan-08 20-Apr-11 Highly successful 641,500
38625-013: Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project Loan 2156 20-Jan-05 13-Dec-07 Successful 93,000
32467-013: Chittagong Hill Tracts Rural Development Project Loan 1771 26-Oct-00 22-Feb-10 Successful 9,831
26220: Command Area Development Project Loan 1399 07-Nov-95 30-Jun-03 Partly successful 32,470
25312: Small-Scale Water Resources Development Sector Project Loan 1381 26-Sep-95 15-Jan-03 Highly successful / successful 164,735
21087: Khulna-Jessore Drainage Rehabilitation Project Loan 1289 14-Dec-93 18-Mar-03 Unsuccessful 48,518
30209-013: Second Small-Scale Water Resources Development Sector Project Loan 1831 12-Jul-01 15-Jun-10 Successful 190,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

An ADB-assisted electrical substation evacuates power into northwestern Bangladesh through an interconnector from the eastern part of the country.