Results of ADB-supported Operations: Bhutan

As one of Bhutan's largest multilateral development partners, ADB has been providing assistance for the country's transition and development since 1982.

Over the course of this partnership, ADB and the Government of Bhutan have focused their efforts on four sectors: energy, transport and communications, water supply and sanitation, and finance sector development.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Bhutan and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Bhutan, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 75
Teachers trained (number) 84
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 3,063
Energy
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 1,260
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 1,770
New households connected to electricity (number) 17,296
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 2
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 346
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 97,000

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 75

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31317-013: Basic Skills Development Project Loan 1830 21-Jun-01 27-Aug-08 Partly successful 75
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Teachers trained between 2004-2012: 84

The number of teachers or professors trained over the duration of the project as a result of the project, both pre-service in order to become teachers; and in-service, for teachers to acquire or improve their teaching capacity. Teachers refer to those employed in formal primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31317-013: Basic Skills Development Project Loan 1830 21-Jun-01 27-Aug-08 Partly successful 84
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 3,063

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31317-013: Basic Skills Development Project Loan 1830 21-Jun-01 27-Aug-08 Partly successful 3,063
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
NOTE: Links open in a new window.

Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 1,260 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34374-013: Rural Electrification and Network Expansion Loan 2009 30-Sep-03 19-Dec-06 Highly successful 1,260
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 1,770 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34374-013: Rural Electrification and Network Expansion Loan 2009 30-Sep-03 19-Dec-06 Highly successful 1,343
29242-013: Sustainable Rural Electrification Project Loan 1712 25-Nov-99 12-Jan-06 Successful 427
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 17,296

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34374-013: Rural Electrification and Network Expansion Loan 2009 30-Sep-03 19-Dec-06 Highly successful 9,206
29242-013: Sustainable Rural Electrification Project Loan 1712 25-Nov-99 12-Jan-06 Successful 8,090
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 2 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29242-013: Sustainable Rural Electrification Project Loan 1712 25-Nov-99 12-Jan-06 Successful 2
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 346 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32288-013: Road Improvement Project Loan 1763 03-Oct-00 08-Aug-06 Successful 328
28079-013: Urban Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1625 30-Jul-98 30-Jun-05 Highly successful / successful 18
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 97,000

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32288-013: Road Improvement Project Loan 1763 03-Oct-00 08-Aug-06 Successful 60,000
28079-013: Urban Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1625 30-Jul-98 30-Jun-05 Highly successful / successful 37,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Tashimo’s electronics shop in Thimpu is booming since the availability of reliable electricity. Between 2004-2011, 17,296 additional households have been connected to electricity in Bhutan.