Results of ADB-supported Operations: Cambodia

As Cambodia's largest multilateral development partner, the ADB has supported the country's government in its effort to rebuild and develop the country after the 1991 Paris Peace Agreement. Since then, the pace of economic growth and poverty reduction has been remarkable.

ADB's efforts have focused on the development of physical and social infrastructure, public sector management, private sector and finance sector development, and natural resource management and
conservation.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Cambodia and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Cambodia, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 5,594
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 337,690
Energy
Installed energy generation capacity (megawatt equivalent) 231
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 330
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 784
New households connected to electricity (number) 100,381
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 587,768
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 4,386
Railways constructed or/and upgraded (kilometers) 35
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 10,494,829
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 177
New households served with water supply (number) 117,810
Wastewater treatment capacity created (cubic meters) 240,700
New households served with sanitation (number) 54,537
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 2,963

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 5,594

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33396-013: Education Sector Development Program - Program Loan Loan 1864/1865 04-Dec-01 29-Nov-04 Successful 2,398
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 296
34541-013: Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Loan 1824 21-Dec-00 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 866
39603-012: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Grant G0034/0035 21-Dec-05 20-Jul-11 Partly successful 54
34388-013: Second Education Sector Development Project Loan 2122 12-Sep-04 30-Jun-08 Successful 1,980
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 337,690

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33396-013: Education Sector Development Program - Program Loan Loan 1864/1865 04-Dec-01 29-Nov-04 Successful 153,833
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 23,680
34541-013: Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Loan 1824 21-Dec-00 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 43,304
28097: Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1385 28-Sep-95 04-Apr-03 Highly successful / successful 3,025
39603-012: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Grant G0034/0035 21-Dec-05 20-Jul-11 Partly successful 33,800
34388-012: Second Education Sector Development Program Loan 2121 12-Sep-04 30-Jun-08 Successful 23,524
34388-013: Second Education Sector Development Project Loan 2122 12-Sep-04 30-Jun-08 Successful 56,524
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Installed energy generation capacity between 2004-2012: 231 megawatt equivalent

The indicator, given in megawatt (MW) equivalent is the total incremental generating capacity of a generation project. This may be power sourced from renewable technology or from conventional sources e.g., oil, coal, or large hydro. A project may involve construction of a new power plant or simply acquisition of an asset, e.g., the private sector acquiring a government-owned coal plant. This includes the MW-equivalent capacity of additional heating supply as well as hydrocarbon-based energy added through production or additional import capacity. Energy export is excluded from Level 2 measurement as it does not add to the energy resources of a country.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28191-013: Provincial Power Supply Project Loan 1794 05-Dec-00 05-Apr-07 Less Successful 11
34390-013: Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project Loan 2052 15-Dec-03 9-May-11 Successful 220
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 330 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
40914-014: Power Transmission Project (CPTL) Private Sector 7256/2337 27-Jun-07 29-Jul-09 Highly successful/ Successful 221
34390-013: Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project Loan 2052 15-Dec-03 9-May-11 Successful 109
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 784 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28191-013: Provincial Power Supply Project Loan 1794 05-Dec-00 05-Apr-07 Less Successful 784
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 100,381

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28191-013: Provincial Power Supply Project Loan 1794 05-Dec-00 05-Apr-07 Less Successful 60,381
34390-013: Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project Loan 2052 15-Dec-03 9-May-11 Successful 40,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 587,768

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34389-043: Second Financial Sector Program (FSP III) Cluster-Subprogram 4 Loan 2706 02-Dec-10 30-Jun-11 Highly successful 116,400
34389-033: Second Financial Sector Program (FSP II) Cluster -Subprogram 3 Loan 2585 26-Nov-09 05-Mar-10 Highly successful 52,200
34389-023: Second Financial Sector Program (FSP II) Cluster-Subprogram 2 Loan 2479 05-Dec-08 30-Apr-09 Highly successful 228,000
34389-013: Second Financial Sector Program (FSP II) Cluster Technical Assistance 2378 06-Dec-07 31-May-08 Highly successful 153,100
30237-013: Rural Credit and Savings Project Loan 1741 27-Apr-00 25-Oct-06 Partly successful 38,068
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 4,386 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
30240-013: Greater Mekong Subregion: Cambodia Road Loan 1945 26-Nov-02 15-Sep-11 Successful 165
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 1,684
34541-013: Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Loan 1824 21-Dec-00 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 1,121
29257-013: Stung Chinit Irrigation and Rural Infrastructure Loan 1753 05-Sep-00 04-Dec-08 Partly successful 260
28338-013: Primary Roads Restoration Project Loan 1697 21-Sep-99 04-Aug-06 Highly successful / successful 405
28097: Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1385 28-Sep-95 04-Apr-03 Highly successful / successful 606
39603-012: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Grant G0034/0035 21-Dec-05 20-Jul-11 Partly successful 145
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Railways constructed or/and upgraded between 2004-2012: 35 kilometers

Length of railroad tracks built or upgraded in km (double tracks do not count twice). Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34541-013: Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Loan 1824 21-Dec-00 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 35
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 10,494,829

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
30240-013: Greater Mekong Subregion: Cambodia Road Loan 1945 26-Nov-02 15-Sep-11 Successful 724,500
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 2,857,120
34541-013: Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Loan 1824 21-Dec-00 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 2,131,293
28338-013: Primary Roads Restoration Project Loan 1697 21-Sep-99 04-Aug-06 Highly successful / successful 2,524,189
28097: Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1385 28-Sep-95 04-Apr-03 Highly successful / successful 1,982,727
39603-012: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Grant G0034/0035 21-Dec-05 20-Jul-11 Partly successful 275,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 177 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 10
27400: Phnom Penh Water Supply & Drainage Project Loan 1468 26-Sep-96 07-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 167
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 117,810

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34382-022: Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Grant G0018 20-Oct-05 31-Jul-10 Partly successful 96,000
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 2,694
29282-013: Provincial Towns Improvement Project Loan 1725/2013 17-Dec-99 12-Dec-07 Partly successful 19,116
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Wastewater treatment capacity created between 2004-2012: 240,700 cubic meters

Wastewater treatment capacity added is equivalent to the maximum amount of cubic meter (m3) of waste water at the new or improved treatment plant intake per day. It excludes waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste. Sewage received from residential, non-residential, and non-trade waste sources includes volumes collected in the sewage system due to storm water, illegal connection inflows, and infiltration to the sewerage system. Residential (domestic) sewage is the waterborne waste derived from human origin comprising fecal matter, urine, and liquid household waste from water closet pans, sinks, baths, basins, and similar fixtures designed for use in private dwellings.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29282-013: Provincial Towns Improvement Project Loan 1725/2013 17-Dec-99 12-Dec-07 Partly successful 5,700
27400: Phnom Penh Water Supply & Drainage Project Loan 1468 26-Sep-96 07-Oct-03 Highly successful / successful 235,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 54,537

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34382-022: Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Grant G0018 20-Oct-05 31-Jul-10 Partly successful 42,000
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 2,500
29282-013: Provincial Towns Improvement Project Loan 1725/2013 17-Dec-99 12-Dec-07 Partly successful 2,153
39603-012: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Grant G0034/0035 21-Dec-05 20-Jul-11 Partly successful 7,884
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 2,963 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34207-013: Northwestern Rural Development Project Loan 1862 27-Nov-01 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 3
29257-013: Stung Chinit Irrigation and Rural Infrastructure Loan 1753 05-Sep-00 04-Dec-08 Partly successful 2,960
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Villagers receiving training on sanitation in Kampong Chhnang province. During 2004-2011, over 46,000 households were served with new sanitation connections in Cambodia.