Environment in the Greater Mekong Subregion

In 2005, the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) member countries launched the Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridor Initiative (CEP-BCI) in response to growing concern about the environmental impacts of rapid economic development.

Administered by ADB and overseen by the environment ministries of the six countries that form the Working Group on Environment (WGE), CEP-BCI aims to achieve an environmentally friendly and climate resilient GMS Economic Cooperation Program. It is coordinated by the Environment Operations Center (EOC), which is hosted by ADB’s Thailand Resident Mission.

Phase I of CEP-BCI (2006-2012) helped improve environmental management in the GMS by strengthening planning processes, supporting enhanced biodiversity and livelihoods in key conservation landscapes, and improving national monitoring systems. In recognition of the program’s achievements and continued relevance, a new 5-year phase was approved in 2011 (RETA 7987) and implementation began in 2012.

CEP-BCI Phase II (covering 2012-2016) comprises four components.

Component 1: Environmental Monitoring, Planning, and Safeguards
Output: Environmental planning systems, methods, and safeguards improved.

Component 2: Biodiversity Landscapes and Livelihoods
Output: Management of transboundary biodiversity conservation landscapes and local livelihoods improved.

Component 3: Climate Change
Output: Climate-resilient and low-carbon strategies developed.

Component 4: Institutions and Financing
Output: Institutions and financing for sustainable environmental management improved.