Implementation of PPP Initiative in India
The ADB-Government of India Public-Private Partnership Initiative: Mainstreaming PPPs in India is run jointly by the government and ADB staff from the central PPP cell in the Department of Economic Affairs. This cell manages PPP-enabling tools, such as the India Infrastructure Project Development Fund, viability gap funding, risk appraisal processes, and policy development.
With ADB’s technical assistance, PPP cells have been established in 15 states and 6 central infrastructure line ministries.
The ADB-India initiative addresses all aspects of the PPP environment including capacity building, transfer of best practices, and development of a pipeline of projects. Specific activities supported under this initiative include:
- awareness building and training workshops,
- development of state-level PPP websites and management information systems (MIS),
- preparation of PPP draft policies and guidelines for states,
- establishment of a prequalified legal advisory panel to help project sponsors,
- setting up of a transaction advisory panel to advise on all aspects of a PPP project from structuring to bid process management, and
- preparation of sector toolkits for urban water and sewerage, urban transport, education, health, and the rural sectors.
ADB has also provided technical assistance in revising the Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) Scheme so that rural infrastructure can be provided in a cost-effective manner through the PPP modality.
A pipeline of projects has been created for challenging sectors, such as urban (water, sewerage, and solid waste management), health, education, power distribution, and the rural sector.
Over 400 PPP projects are being developed across the country through all the PPP cells. PPP Policy and guidelines have been formulated and approved with assistance from PPP cells in states such as Karnataka and Uttarakhand.