Results of ADB-supported Operations: India

ADB operations in India began in 1986. Assistance has focused mainly on transport, energy, and urban development. In recent years, ADB has also been providing support for improving water resource management, promoting financial inclusion, and facilitating public–private partnerships in infrastructure.

ADB operations cover 22 Indian states, and the country has been one of the top three borrowers of ADB's ordinary capital resources loans since 2007. ADB is guided by the principles of the 3Rs (relevance, responsiveness, and results) as it designs and implements its program in India. ADB remains committed to supporting the government's efforts toward making India's growth inclusive and environmentally sustainable.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of India and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in India, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Energy
Installed energy generation capacity (megawatt equivalent) 4,652
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 11,040
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 29,378
New households connected to electricity (number) 2,027,086
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 2,794,000
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 534,019
Transport
Expressway built or updgraded (kilometers) 244
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 21,414
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 251,262,418
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 8,600
New households served with water supply (number) 2,023,981
Wastewater treatment capacity created (cubic meters) 356,495
New households served with sanitation (number) 785,484
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 50

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Installed energy generation capacity between 2004-2012: 4,652 megawatt equivalent

The indicator, given in megawatt (MW) equivalent is the total incremental generating capacity of a generation project. This may be power sourced from renewable technology or from conventional sources e.g., oil, coal, or large hydro. A project may involve construction of a new power plant or simply acquisition of an asset, e.g., the private sector acquiring a government-owned coal plant. This includes the MW-equivalent capacity of additional heating supply as well as hydrocarbon-based energy added through production or additional import capacity. Energy export is excluded from Level 2 measurement as it does not add to the energy resources of a country.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27068: RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1465 26/09/1996 25/10/2002 Successful 318
41900-014: Tata Power Wind Energy Financing Facility Loan PS-7253/ L2326 17-Apr-07 7-May-07 Unsuccessful 79
39921-014: Dahej Liquefied Natural Gas Terminal Expansion Project Private Sector PS-7245 / L2256 30-Aug-06 27-Jul-07 Unsuccessful 4,083
42902-014: Gujarat Paguthan Wind Energy Financing Facility Private Sector PS-7277/ L2417 17-Apr-08 10-Jun-09 Unsuccessful 50
42902-024: CLP WIND FARMS PRIVATE LIMITED (CWFPL Private Sector PS-7277/ L2434 17-Apr-08 31-Mar-11 Unsuccessful 122
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 11,040 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
24273: POWER TRANSMISSION SECTOR PROJECT Loan 1405 16/11/1995 09/07/2003 Successful 2,389
32107: POWER TRANSMISSION IMPROVEMENT SECTOR PROJECT Loan 1764 06/10/2000 10/08/2007 Successful 2,388
29694: GUJARAT POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Loan 1804 13/12/2000 20/03/2007 Successful 1,321
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 2,547
29473: MADHYA PRADESH POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1869 06/12/2001 03/04/2007 Successful 1,813
36318: Assam Power Sector Development Program Loan 2036/2037 10-Dec-03 28-Jun-05 Successful 355
39913-014: Urban Clean Fuels Project (CUGL) Private Sector PS-7227 17-Jan-06 NA Unsuccessful 227
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 29,378 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29694: GUJARAT POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Loan 1804 13/12/2000 20/03/2007 Successful 7,881
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 2,676
29473: MADHYA PRADESH POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1869 06/12/2001 03/04/2007 Successful 5,666
36318: Assam Power Sector Development Program Loan 2036/2037 10-Dec-03 28-Jun-05 Successful 10,784
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 2,371
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 2,027,086

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29694: GUJARAT POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Loan 1804 13/12/2000 20/03/2007 Successful 1,379,010
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 41,902
36318: Assam Power Sector Development Program Loan 2036/2037 10-Dec-03 28-Jun-05 Successful 600,000
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 6,174
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 2,794,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27068: RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1465 26/09/1996 25/10/2002 Successful 1,957,000
36318: Assam Power Sector Development Program Loan 2036/2037 10-Dec-03 28-Jun-05 Successful 480,000
41900-014: Tata Power Wind Energy Financing Facility Loan PS-7253/ L2326 17-Apr-07 7-May-07 Unsuccessful 105,000
42902-014: Gujarat Paguthan Wind Energy Financing Facility Private Sector PS-7277/ L2417 17-Apr-08 10-Jun-09 Unsuccessful 69,000
42902-024: CLP WIND FARMS PRIVATE LIMITED (CWFPL Private Sector PS-7277/ L2434 17-Apr-08 31-Mar-11 Unsuccessful 183,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 534,019

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
30204: HOUSING FINANCE II PROJECT-NHB Loan 1759 21/09/2000 30/06/2007 Successful 2,830
30204: HOUSING FINANCE II PROJECT-ICICI Loan 1761 21/09/2000 10/10/2007 Successful 25,730
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 14,147
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 491,312
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Expressway built or updgraded between 2004-2012: 244 kilometers

Length of expressways (i.e. fully access-controlled highways) built or upgraded, expressed in km. Access control means no direct crossings. "Expressways" can include roads that in certain countries are called highways if they have full access control. "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29250: SURAT-MANOR TOLLWAY PROJECT Loan 1747 27/07/2000 13/01/2006 Successful 176
34262: Private Sector Infrastructure Facility at State Level Project Loan 1871 11-Dec-01 6-Sep-07 Successful 68
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 21,414 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 215
23251: NATIONAL HIGHWAYS PROJECT Loan 1274 29/11/1993 02/10/2003 Successful 330
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 3,600
34262: Private Sector Infrastructure Facility at State Level Project Loan 1871 11-Dec-01 6-Sep-07 Successful 52
34263: Madhya Pradesh State Roads Sector Development Program (Project) Loan 1959 5-Dec-02 29-Mar-06 Successful 1,603
36320: Rural Roads Sector I Project Loan 2018 20-Nov-03 30-Jun-09 Successful 9,575
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 96
32203-013: West Bengal Corridor Development Project Loan L1870 11-Dec-01 23-Jun-11 Successful 231
32253-013: East-West Corridor Project Loan L1944 26-Nov-02 24-Aug-09 Successful 503
37066-023: Rural Road Sector II Investment Program-Tranche 1 Loan L2248 31-Jul-06 9-Oct-09 Successful 2,927
37066-033: Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program (Project 2)- State of Orissa Loan L2414 17-Mar-08 7-Apr-11 Successful 1,014
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 172
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 1,096
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 251,262,418

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 1,200,000
23251: NATIONAL HIGHWAYS PROJECT Loan 1274 29/11/1993 02/10/2003 Successful 33,000,000
29250: SURAT-MANOR TOLLWAY PROJECT Loan 1747 27/07/2000 13/01/2006 Successful 14,000,000
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 1,200,000
34263: Madhya Pradesh State Roads Sector Development Program (Project) Loan 1959 5-Dec-02 29-Mar-06 Successful 77,000,000
36320: Rural Roads Sector I Project Loan 2018 20-Nov-03 30-Jun-09 Successful 11,000,000
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 3,000,000
32203-013: West Bengal Corridor Development Project Loan L1870 11-Dec-01 23-Jun-11 Successful 31,023,520
32253-013: East-West Corridor Project Loan L1944 26-Nov-02 24-Aug-09 Successful 60,383,628
37066-023: Rural Road Sector II Investment Program-Tranche 1 Loan L2248 31-Jul-06 9-Oct-09 Successful 4,000,000
37066-033: Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program (Project 2)- State of Orissa Loan L2414 17-Mar-08 7-Apr-11 Successful 315,600
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 1,200,000
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 13,939,670
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 8,600 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 408
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 3,279
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 1,763
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 2,000
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 1,150
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 2,023,981

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 14,000
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 97,000
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 1,284,404
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 212,770
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 415,807
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Wastewater treatment capacity created between 2004-2012: 356,495 cubic meters

Wastewater treatment capacity added is equivalent to the maximum amount of cubic meter (m3) of waste water at the new or improved treatment plant intake per day. It excludes waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste. Sewage received from residential, non-residential, and non-trade waste sources includes volumes collected in the sewage system due to storm water, illegal connection inflows, and infiltration to the sewerage system. Residential (domestic) sewage is the waterborne waste derived from human origin comprising fecal matter, urine, and liquid household waste from water closet pans, sinks, baths, basins, and similar fixtures designed for use in private dwellings.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 190,000
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 35,640
34262: Private Sector Infrastructure Facility at State Level Project Loan 1871 11-Dec-01 6-Sep-07 Successful 185
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 170
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 130,500
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 785,484

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
27132: KARNATAKA URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Loan 1415 14/12/1995 07/12/2004 Successful 6,000
35068: GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM Loan 1826 26/03/2001 06/11/2007 Successful 41,902
29120: Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project Loan 1647 3-Dec-98 11-Jun-09 Successful 642,202
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 93,700
39114-013: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Loan L2166 14-Apr-05 9-Feb-10 Successful 1,680
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 50 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
30303-013: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project Loan L1704 26-Oct-99 25-Nov-09 Successful 50
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Sewage treatment plants constructed in Mangalore, Udupi, Bhatkal, and Karwar are helping in the proper treatment and reuse of waste water in the fast-growing towns of Karnataka. During 2004-2011, ADB support has contributed an additional 225,995 cubic meters of water treatment capacity in India.