Briefs: Loans and Technical Assistance

Indonesia – Water Resources and River Basin Technical Assistance

The project will help decentralized water resource agencies raise their capacity to effectively manage water resources and to implement the 2004 Water Law. It builds on previous water resource management capacity building initiatives carried out by ADB.

Indonesia – Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Development Technical Assistance

The technical assistance will prepare a sector strategy and roadmap, as well as an agreed project pipeline and improved portfolio, to assist Indonesia in its goal of accelerating the connection of 10 million households to piped water supply and increasing access to sustainable sanitation services. Workshops and seminars highlighting regional best practices will be conducted, and long-term knowledge partnerships will be established. Currently, less than 40% of Indonesia’s urban population is connected to piped water systems and less than 20% countrywide when rural water supply is included.

Indonesia: Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program

The project will enable coastal communities, and the institutions that support them, to manage coral reef resources, and associated ecosystems and biodiversity in a sustainable manner for increasing the economic and social welfare of coastal communities. Project implementation will focus on improving the management, sustainability and resilience of marine protected areas (MPAs). Interventions will target three national and seven district MPAs located in (i) Bintan, Batam, Lingga, and Natuna districts in Kepulauan Riau province; (ii) Central Tapanuli and North Nias districts in North Sumatra province; (iii) Mentawai district in West Sumatra province; (iv) Anambas national MPA in Anambas district, Kepulauan Riau province; (v) Pulau Pieh national MPA in Pariaman district, West Sumatra Province; and (vi) Gilimatra national MPA in North Lombok district, West Nusa Tenggara province. By 2024, live coral cover is expected to improve with consequent household income increase by 10-15%.

Promoting Socially Sustainable Transport through Improving Nonmotorized Transport

Non-motorized transport (NMT) includes walking, bicycles, tricycles, pedicabs, and other human-powered vehicles. Improving non-motorized transport facilities – such as pedestrian areas and bicycle lanes – is the most cost-effective way of reducing transport costs, which can reach up to 40% of income in low-income households in some developing nations. By piloting the development and implementation of quality pedestrian areas and NMT facilities and technologies in Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and the Philippines, this technical assistance will help improve access to jobs and services for the urban poor and vulnerable groups, as well as provide a basis for future scaling-up of these types of interventions.

Southeast Asia: Integrated Disaster Risk Management Fund

The Integrated Disaster Risk Management Fund will provide grants to Southeast Asian countries for developing proactive integrated disaster risk management policies and programs that emphasize ex ante disaster risk management, develop disaster risk finance options, integrate community-based and gender-focused approaches, and link disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam are eligible for funding. Support will be provided on a regional basis to three or more of these countries. Southeast Asia’s risk of natural hazards is high, compounded by the rapid rate of urbanization, its proximity to seismically active faults and volcanic zones, its tsunami-prone coasts, and its susceptibility to the effects of climate change. Since 2000, more than 100 million people in the region have been impacted by natural disasters. The region loses an estimated 0.3% of its gross domestic product (GDP) to disasters annually, with some countries incurring annual losses of 1%–2% of GDP.