Results of ADB-supported Operations: Mongolia

ADB was one of the first international financial organizations to enter Mongolia when it embraced democracy in the early 1990s. Increasing regional cooperation between Mongolia and its neighbors have spurred trade and job creation. ADB also supported the development and economic sustainability of the private sector. Within a broad-based country portfolio, ADB has been particularly active in the areas of urban development, education, transport, health and social protection.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Mongolia and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Mongolia, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 3,180
Teachers trained (number) 23,986
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 285,134
Energy
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 9
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 2,000,000
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 2,303
Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached (number) 5
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 200
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 38,664
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 170
New households served with water supply (number) 37
New households served with sanitation (number) 2

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 3,180

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31213-013: Second Education Development Project Loan 1908 06-Aug-02 15-Jun-09 Successful 680
34187-013: Third Education Development Project Loan 2238 21-Jun-06 26-Jun-12 Successful 2,500
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Teachers trained between 2004-2012: 23,986

The number of teachers or professors trained over the duration of the project as a result of the project, both pre-service in order to become teachers; and in-service, for teachers to acquire or improve their teaching capacity. Teachers refer to those employed in formal primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31213-013: Second Education Development Project Loan 1908 06-Aug-02 15-Jun-09 Successful 12,827
34187-013: Third Education Development Project Loan 2238 21-Jun-06 26-Jun-12 Successful 11,159
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 285,134

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31213-013: Second Education Development Project Loan 1908 06-Aug-02 15-Jun-09 Successful 206,074
34187-013: Third Education Development Project Loan 2238 21-Jun-06 26-Jun-12 Successful 79,060
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 9 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29629: Ulaanbaatar Heat Efficiency Project Loan 1548 25-Sep-97 01-Mar-07 Less Successful 9
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 2,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29629: Ulaanbaatar Heat Efficiency Project Loan 1548 25-Sep-97 01-Mar-07 Less Successful 2,000,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 2,303

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28201-013: Rural Finance Project Loan 1848 25-Oct-01 09-Nov-07 Unsuccessful 2,045
32017-013: Housing Finance (Sector) Project Loan 1847 18-Oct-01 24-Aug-08 Successful 258
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 5

The definition of SME follows the definition as generally used in the country of the project.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
35913-014: Trade and Development Bank of Mongolia Private Sector 7197/2081 20-Apr-04 31-Dec-04 Successful 5
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 200 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29566-013: Second Roads Development Project Loan 1700 30-Sep-99 27-Feb-07 Highly successful 200
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 38,664

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29566-013: Second Roads Development Project Loan 1700 30-Sep-99 27-Feb-07 Highly successful 38,664
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 170 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31243-013: Integrated Development of Basic Urban Services In Provincial Towns Loan 1907 06-Aug-02 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 170
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 37

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31243-013: Integrated Development of Basic Urban Services In Provincial Towns Loan 1907 06-Aug-02 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 37
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 2

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31243-013: Integrated Development of Basic Urban Services In Provincial Towns Loan 1907 06-Aug-02 18-Nov-09 Partly successful 2
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Elementary students from the Sainshand School No. 2 benefited from educational books and teaching aids provided by ADB. Between 1996-2010, 533,000 textbooks were given to almost 200,000 primary school and secondary school students.