Results of ADB-supported Operations: Nepal

Since 1996, ADB assistance to Nepal is strongly focused on reducing poverty by promoting inclusive economic growth in a country that remains poor, predominantly rural, and affected by ethnic and socioeconomic divisions. Other areas of assistance include social development, good governance and capacity building, and environmental sustainability.

ADB follows innovative and flexible approaches to implementing projects and programs to foster an environment of inclusion and to support the most marginalized groups, such as Dalit communities, indigenous peoples, and women.

The country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Nepal and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

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Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Nepal, 2010-2013

Energy

New households connected to electricity between 2010-2013: 119,000

Number of new households given electricity connection.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
29471-013: Rural Electrification, Distribution, and Transmission Project
Project 1732 12/21/1999 12/19/2008 Successful 119,000

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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New households connected to electricity, Rural between 2010-2013: 119,000

Number of new rural households given electricity connection.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
29471-013: Rural Electrification, Distribution, and Transmission Project
Project 1732 12/21/1999 12/19/2008 Successful 119,000

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2010-2013: 2,522 kilometers

Length of the distribution network of lines or pipes installed and/or upgraded in kilometers, aggregating: (i) power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kilovolts or lower; (ii) district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
29471-013: Rural Electrification, Distribution, and Transmission Project
Project 1732 12/21/1999 12/19/2008 Successful 2,522

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Transport

Use of roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 1,038,048 average daily vehicle-kilometers in the first full year of operation

Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 119,255
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 918,793

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 668 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 41
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 14
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 613

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Expressways and national highways built or updgraded between 2010-2013: 148 kilometers

Expressways and national highways built or updgraded (kilometers)

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 41
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 14
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 93

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2010-2013: 520 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 520

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Roads built or upgraded, Rural between 2010-2013: 481 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 30
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 451

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Roads built or upgraded, Urban between 2010-2013: 187 kilometers

Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 11
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 14
29472: Road Network Development Project
Project 1876 12/13/2001 1/11/2010 Successful 162

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Water

Households with new or improved water supply between 2010-2013: 202,322

All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32249-013: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Sector Project 2008 9/30/2003 4/15/2011 Successful 90,397
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 6,032
31402: Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project 1755 12/9/2000 12/3/2009 Successful 105,893

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Households with new or improved water supply, Rural between 2010-2013: 90,397

All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32249-013: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Sector Project 2008 9/30/2003 4/15/2011 Successful 90,397

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Households with new or improved water supply, Urban between 2010-2013: 111,925

All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 6,032
31402: Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project 1755 12/9/2000 12/3/2009 Successful 105,893

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Households with new or improved sanitation between 2010-2013: 59,509

All additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before or benefit from systems of lesser order, and households that are already benefiting from sanitation services but are provided with improved service, e.g., sewer connection, septic tank, pour-flush, simple pit latrine, or ventilated improved pit latrine.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32249-013: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Sector Project 2008 9/30/2003 4/15/2011 Successful 44,768
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 4,719
31402: Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project 1755 12/9/2000 12/3/2009 Successful 10,022

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Waste water treatment capacity added or improved between 2010-2013: 7,665 cubic meters per day

Maximum cubic meters of wastewater intake per day at the new or improved treatment plant, excluding waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 7,665

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded between 2010-2013: 5,745 length of network in kilometers

All sizes of new and repaired or upgraded pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and nonagricultural business purposes, expressed as their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32249-013: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Sector Project 2008 9/30/2003 4/15/2011 Successful 4,552
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 359
31402: Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project 1755 12/9/2000 12/3/2009 Successful 834

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Land improved through irrigation, drainage and/or flood management between 2010-2013: 75 hectares

Rural land area improved through any new or improved: (i) irrigation, (ii) drainage services, and (iii) flood management works.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
32239-013: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project
Project 1966 12/10/2002 12/14/2011 Successful 75

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Finance

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2010-2013: 2,000

The number of end borrowers; or, if not available, the number or estimate of microfinance loan accounts opened (regardless of amount in currency) over the course of the project. All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project are counted, including participants in self-help groups. The definition of microfinance follows country conventions.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
35170: Community Livestock Development Project
Project 2071 12/19/2003 11/30/2010 Successful 2,000

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2010-2013: 1,720 Female, number

The number of end borrowers; or, if not available, the number or estimate of microfinance loan accounts opened (regardless of amount in currency) over the course of the project. All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project are counted, including participants in self-help groups. The definition of microfinance follows country conventions.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
35170: Community Livestock Development Project
Project 2071 12/19/2003 11/30/2010 Successful 1,720

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2010-2013: 280 Male, number

The number of end borrowers; or, if not available, the number or estimate of microfinance loan accounts opened (regardless of amount in currency) over the course of the project. All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project are counted, including participants in self-help groups. The definition of microfinance follows country conventions.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
35170: Community Livestock Development Project
Project 2071 12/19/2003 11/30/2010 Successful 280

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Education

Students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities between 2010-2013: 58,181

Total number of students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 58,181

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Female students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities between 2010-2013: 29,540

Total number of female students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 29,540

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Male students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities between 2010-2013: 28,641

Total number of male students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 28,641

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems between 2010-2013: 848,596

Total number of students benefiting from improved quality assurance systems under the projects.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 848,596

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Female students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems between 2010-2013: 421,752

Total number of female students benefiting from improved quality assurance systems under the projects.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 421,752

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Male students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems between 2010-2013: 426,844

Total number of male students benefiting from improved quality assurance systems under the projects.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 426,844

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

Teacher trained with quality or competency standards between 2010-2013: 123,207

Number of teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
36611-013: Skills for Employment Project
Project 2111 2004 10/9/2012 Successful 1,060
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 8,841
32236: Teacher Education Project
Project 1840 9/24/2001 12/9/2009 Successful 113,306

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Female teacher trained with quality or competency standards between 2010-2013: 31,295

Number of female teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
36611-013: Skills for Employment Project
Project 2111 2004 10/9/2012 Successful 530
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 1,547
32236: Teacher Education Project
Project 1840 9/24/2001 12/9/2009 Successful 29,218

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Male teacher trained with quality or competency standards between 2010-2013: 91,912

Number of male teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
36611-013: Skills for Employment Project
Project 2111 2004 10/9/2012 Successful 530
34022: Secondary Education Support Project
Project 1917 9/20/2002 11/26/2010 Successful 7,294
32236: Teacher Education Project
Project 1840 9/24/2001 12/9/2009 Successful 84,088

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Teacher trained with quality or competency standards between 2010-2013: 1,060 TVET, number

Number of male teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy. (TVET)

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
36611-013: Skills for Employment Project
Project 2111 2004 10/9/2012 Successful 1,060

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.
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Regional Cooperation and Integration

Cross-border cargo volume facilitated between 2010-2013: 212,065 tons per year

Volume of cargo that crossed borders that are facilitated by ADB operations contributing to regional connectivity. Such operations may include regional road construction and rehabilitation, and border infrastructure and systems improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects

Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating* Output
37027: Subregional Transport Facilitation Project
Project 2097 11/4/2004 9/21/2010 Successful 212,065

* Ratings are based on project completion reports (PCRs) issued in 2010-2013. These ratings are updated when project completion report validation and/or project/program performance evaluation reports become available. As the PCR for each project is usually prepared 12-24 months after project completion, the figures may include information from projects completed earlier than 2010.

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports