Pakistan: Cofinancing

Cofinancing operations enable ADB’s financing partners, governments or their agencies, multilateral financing institutions, and commercial organizations, to participate in financing ADB projects. The additional funds are provided in the form of official loans and grants, other concessional financing, and commercial financing such as B loans, risk transfer arrangements, parallel loans and equity, guarantee cofinancing, and cofinancing for transactions under ADB’s Trade Finance Program.

By the end of 2014, cumulative direct value-added (DVA) official cofinancing for Pakistan amounted to $1.39 billion for 32 investment projects and $58.6 million for 44 technical assistance projects. Cumulative DVA commercial cofinancing for Pakistan amounted to $5.70 billion for 18 investment projects.

In 2014, Pakistan received $719.0 million loan cofinancing from the Government of Japan, the Islamic Development Bank, and the World Bank.

Pakistan: Projects Cofinanced, 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2014

Cofinancing No. of Projects Amount
($ million)
Projectsa 8 5,529.88
 Official loans 2 869.00
 Commercial cofinancing 6 4,660.88
Technical Assistance Grants 2 2.10

a A project with more than one source of cofinancing is counted once.

Investment Projects Cofinanced for Pakistan, 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2014

Project ADB
($ million)
($ million)
Type of
Jamshoro Power Generation 900.00 220.00 O
Sustainable Energy Sector Reform Program - Subprogram 1 400.00 649.00 O
Zorlu Enerji Power 36.80 70.05 C
Uch II Power 100.00 289.96 C
Patrind Hydropower 97.00 230.00 C
Foundation Wind Energy Limited I 33.43 67.02 C
Foundation Wind Energy Limited II 33.18 66.77 C
Trade Finance Program c 3,808.54 3,937.08 C

a Loan, grant or blend.
b C = commercial cofinancing, O = official cofinancing.
c The $1 billion limit for ADB’s Regional Trade Finance Program (TFP), approved by the Board of Directors in 2009, is the maximum exposure the TFP can assume at any one point in time. This limit has never been breached. Although greater than $1 billion in 2010-2014, the TFP exposure was not breached because TFP maturities tend to be short - less than 180 days on average - and TFP exposure can revolve (be reused) within a year. The TFP also distributes risk exposures to various partners that leverage its capital resources.