Results of ADB-supported Operations: Pakistan

As Pakistan's biggest multilateral development partner, ADB has assisted the country's government in undertaking critical economic and governance reforms.

Over the years, Pakistan and ADB have been working together to help millions of families travel new roads where none before existed, light their homes from cleaner power generation, live healthier and longer lives through expanding clean water and sanitation programs, and send their youngsters to school for the first time because of greater access to education. Moreover, ADB has providejavascript:Drupal.ckeditorToggle('edit-body','Switch to plain text editor','Switch to rich text editor',1);d emergency assistance to help Pakistan cope with major natural disasters.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Pakistan and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Results of ADB-Supported Operations in Pakistan, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 92,517
Teachers trained (number) 148,798
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 4,090,080
Energy
Installed energy generation capacity (megawatt equivalent) 1,450
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 481
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 3,715
New households connected to electricity (number) 281,427
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 6,878,750
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 2,289,778
Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached (number) 217,775
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 6,956
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 24,259,764
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 6,491
New households served with water supply (number) 332,617
Wastewater treatment capacity created (cubic meters) 570,000
New households served with sanitation (number) 82,974
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 736,898

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 92,517

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
38135-013: Multisector Rehabilitation and Improvement Project for Azad Jammu and Kashmir Loan 2153 13-Nov-04 05-Aug-09 Partly successful 555
30208-013: Decentralized Elementary Education Loan 1916 19-Sep-02 16-Oct-08 Unsuccessful 1,040
26326: Second Science Education Sector Project Loan 1534 11-Sep-97 28-Jun-07 Successful 6,968
28330: Social Action Program (Sector) Proj. II Loan 1493 28-Nov-96 30-Jun-02 Partly successful 73,000
27180: Second Girls Primary School Sector Project Loan 1454 15-Aug-96 31-Mar-05 Highly successful / successful 3,162
24098: Technical Education Project Loan 1373 19-Sep-95 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 525
22091: Middle School Project Loan 1278 02-Dec-93 31-Mar-04 Partly successful 4,872
39631-013: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan L2213 13-Dec-05   Successful 2,395
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Teachers trained between 2004-2012: 148,798

The number of teachers or professors trained over the duration of the project as a result of the project, both pre-service in order to become teachers; and in-service, for teachers to acquire or improve their teaching capacity. Teachers refer to those employed in formal primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36654-013: Restructuring of the Technical Education and Vocational Training System Project (Balochistan) Loan 2133 14-Dec-04 TBD Unsuccessful 533
38178-013: Restructuring of the Technical Education and Vocational Training System Project (North-West Frontier Province Loan 2135 14-Dec-04 26-May-09 Unsuccessful 154
29586-013: North West Frontier Province Barani Area Development Loan 1787 28-Nov-00 30-Jun-10 Successful 231
29603-013: Malakand Rural Development Project Loan 1672 18-Mar-99 01-Jul-08 Unsuccessful 1,646
26326: Second Science Education Sector Project Loan 1534 11-Sep-97 28-Jun-07 Successful 36,805
28330: Social Action Program (Sector) Proj. II Loan 1493 28-Nov-96 30-Jun-02 Partly successful 82,754
27180: Second Girls Primary School Sector Project Loan 1454 15-Aug-96 31-Mar-05 Highly successful / successful 9,000
24098: Technical Education Project Loan 1373 19-Sep-95 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 2,219
22091: Middle School Project Loan 1278 02-Dec-93 31-Mar-04 Partly successful 14,800
39631-013: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan L2213 13-Dec-05   Successful 656
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 4,090,080

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36654-013: Restructuring of the Technical Education and Vocational Training System Project (Balochistan) Loan 2133 14-Dec-04 TBD Unsuccessful 15,000
30208-013: Decentralized Elementary Education Loan 1916 19-Sep-02 16-Oct-08 Unsuccessful 40,520
26326: Second Science Education Sector Project Loan 1534 11-Sep-97 28-Jun-07 Successful 689,118
28330: Social Action Program (Sector) Proj. II Loan 1493 28-Nov-96 30-Jun-02 Partly successful 2,919,000
27180: Second Girls Primary School Sector Project Loan 1454 15-Aug-96 31-Mar-05 Highly successful / successful 300,000
24098: Technical Education Project Loan 1373 19-Sep-95 30-Jun-04 Highly successful / successful 3,777
22091: Middle School Project Loan 1278 02-Dec-93 31-Mar-04 Partly successful 70,452
39631-013: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan L2213 13-Dec-05   Successful 52,213
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Installed energy generation capacity between 2004-2012: 1,450 megawatt equivalent

The indicator, given in megawatt (MW) equivalent is the total incremental generating capacity of a generation project. This may be power sourced from renewable technology or from conventional sources e.g., oil, coal, or large hydro. A project may involve construction of a new power plant or simply acquisition of an asset, e.g., the private sector acquiring a government-owned coal plant. This includes the MW-equivalent capacity of additional heating supply as well as hydrocarbon-based energy added through production or additional import capacity. Energy export is excluded from Level 2 measurement as it does not add to the energy resources of a country.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
26409: Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project Loan 1424 16-Jan-96 20-Jan-04 Highly successful / successful 1,450
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 481 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
26409: Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project Loan 1424 16-Jan-96 20-Jan-04 Highly successful / successful 350
25389: KESC Sixth Power (Sector) Project Loan 1314/1315 22-Sep-94 06-Oct-03 Partly successful 102
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 29
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 3,715 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
38135-013: Multisector Rehabilitation and Improvement Project for Azad Jammu and Kashmir Loan 2153 13-Nov-04 05-Aug-09 Partly successful 3,715
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 281,427

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
29603-013: Malakand Rural Development Project Loan 1672 18-Mar-99 01-Jul-08 Unsuccessful 29,182
26479: Bahawalpur Rural Development Project Loan 1467 26-Sep-96 12-Oct-07 Successful 251,664
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 581
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 6,878,750 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
26409: Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project Loan 1424 16-Jan-96 20-Jan-04 Highly successful / successful 4,882,220
25389: KESC Sixth Power (Sector) Project Loan 1314/1315 22-Sep-94 06-Oct-03 Partly successful 1,996,530
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 2,289,778

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
39492: Improving Access To Financial Services (Phase 1) Program Loan 2291/2292 14-Dec-06 27-Jun-08 Partly successful 1,732,879
29229-023: Microfinance Sector Development Program (MSDP) Loan 1806 13-Dec-00 22-Apr-08 Partly successful 283,965
29603-013: Malakand Rural Development Project Loan 1672 18-Mar-99 01-Jul-08 Unsuccessful 1,409
27168: Dera Ghazi Khan Rural Development Project Loan 1531 04-Sep-97 30-Nov-06 Successful 110,000
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 161,525
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 217,775

The definition of SME follows the definition as generally used in the country of the project.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
34327-023: SME Sector Development Program Loan 2066/2067 19-Dec-03 30-Sep-09 Partly successful 217,662
37907-014: Citibank Pakistan SME Facility Private Sector PS-7190/ GU2066-001 19-Dec-06 NA Unsuccessful 113
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 6,956 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37559-033: National Highway Development Sector Investment Program—Project 1 Loan 2030/2231 15-Feb-06 19-Apr-11 Successful 166
38135-013: Multisector Rehabilitation and Improvement Project for Azad Jammu and Kashmir Loan 2153 13-Nov-04 05-Aug-09 Partly successful 106
32058-033: Punjab Road Development Sector Project Loan 1928 31-Oct-02 31-Dec-08 Less successful 450
32058: Road Sector Development Program (Investment Component) Loan 1892/1893 19-Dec-01 30-Jun-09 Partly successful 1,017
28266: Emergency Assistance for Drought Impact Mitigation and Recovery Component Loan 1413-02 16-Aug-01 30-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 1,586
29603-013: Malakand Rural Development Project Loan 1672 18-Mar-99 01-Jul-08 Unsuccessful 98
27168: Dera Ghazi Khan Rural Development Project Loan 1531 04-Sep-97 30-Nov-06 Successful 389
26479: Bahawalpur Rural Development Project Loan 1467 26-Sep-96 12-Oct-07 Successful 574
33268-013: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Rural Development Project Loan 2234 25-Apr-06 30-Aug-12 Successful 233
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 125
34333-013: Balochistan Road Development Sector Project Loan L2019 20-Nov-03 8-Apr-11 Successful 656
36052-013: North-West Frontier Province Road Development Sector and Subregional Connectivity Project Loan L2103 18-Nov-04 30-Sep-11 Successful 763
39631-013: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan L2213 13-Dec-05   Successful 793
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 24,259,764

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37559-033: National Highway Development Sector Investment Program—Project 1 Loan 2030/2231 15-Feb-06 19-Apr-11 Successful 7,251,158
38135-013: Multisector Rehabilitation and Improvement Project for Azad Jammu and Kashmir Loan 2153 13-Nov-04 05-Aug-09 Partly successful 3,400,000
32058-033: Punjab Road Development Sector Project Loan 1928 31-Oct-02 31-Dec-08 Less successful 2,600,000
32058: Road Sector Development Program (Investment Component) Loan 1892/1893 19-Dec-01 30-Jun-09 Partly successful 6,000,000
28266: Emergency Assistance for Drought Impact Mitigation and Recovery Component Loan 1413-02 16-Aug-01 30-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 23,790
27168: Dera Ghazi Khan Rural Development Project Loan 1531 04-Sep-97 30-Nov-06 Successful 1,300,000
26479: Bahawalpur Rural Development Project Loan 1467 26-Sep-96 12-Oct-07 Successful 879,326
33268-013: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Rural Development Project Loan 2234 25-Apr-06 30-Aug-12 Successful 13,132
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 31,703
34333-013: Balochistan Road Development Sector Project Loan L2019 20-Nov-03 8-Apr-11 Successful 999,655
36052-013: North-West Frontier Province Road Development Sector and Subregional Connectivity Project Loan L2103 18-Nov-04 30-Sep-11 Successful 1,761,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 6,491 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37003: Rawalpindi Environmental Improvement Project Loan 2211/2212 13-Dec-05 31-Dec-09 Unsuccessful 40
35314-013: Punjab Community Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Project Loan 1950 28-Nov-02 06-Dec-07 Successful 5,500
22302: Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1260 04-Nov-93 30-Sep-03 Highly successful / successful 386
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 47
23213-013: Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services Loan L2060/ 2061 18-Dec-03 31-Dec-09 Successful 518
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 332,617

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37003: Rawalpindi Environmental Improvement Project Loan 2211/2212 13-Dec-05 31-Dec-09 Unsuccessful 1,808
35314-013: Punjab Community Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Project Loan 1950 28-Nov-02 06-Dec-07 Successful 161,132
28266: Emergency Assistance for Drought Impact Mitigation and Recovery Component Loan 1413-02 16-Aug-01 30-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 160
33268-013: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Rural Development Project Loan 2234 25-Apr-06 30-Aug-12 Successful 27,933
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 14,670
23213-013: Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services Loan L2060/ 2061 18-Dec-03 31-Dec-09 Successful 126,914
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Wastewater treatment capacity created between 2004-2012: 570,000 cubic meters

Wastewater treatment capacity added is equivalent to the maximum amount of cubic meter (m3) of waste water at the new or improved treatment plant intake per day. It excludes waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste. Sewage received from residential, non-residential, and non-trade waste sources includes volumes collected in the sewage system due to storm water, illegal connection inflows, and infiltration to the sewerage system. Residential (domestic) sewage is the waterborne waste derived from human origin comprising fecal matter, urine, and liquid household waste from water closet pans, sinks, baths, basins, and similar fixtures designed for use in private dwellings.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
23213-013: Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services Loan L2060/ 2061 18-Dec-03 31-Dec-09 Successful 570,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 82,974

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
37003: Rawalpindi Environmental Improvement Project Loan 2211/2212 13-Dec-05 31-Dec-09 Unsuccessful 4,467
35314-013: Punjab Community Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Project Loan 1950 28-Nov-02 06-Dec-07 Successful 53,000
29603-013: Malakand Rural Development Project Loan 1672 18-Mar-99 01-Jul-08 Unsuccessful 40
22302: Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1260 04-Nov-93 30-Sep-03 Highly successful / successful 15,000
23213-013: Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services Loan L2060/ 2061 18-Dec-03 31-Dec-09 Successful 10,467
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 736,898 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28165: Second Flood Protection Sector Loan 1578 13-Nov-97 31-Dec-06 Successful 1,890
27168: Dera Ghazi Khan Rural Development Project Loan 1531 04-Sep-97 30-Nov-06 Successful 10,334
28266: National Drainage Sector Project Loan 1413 12-Dec-95 31-Dec-06 Unsuccessful 365,650
19141: Pehur High-Level Canal Project Loan 1294 22-Dec-93 30-Jun-05 Highly successful / successful 49,632
24268: Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Project (Stage III) Loan 1146 17-Dec-91 18-Jan-11 Less Successful 135,000
17044: Pat Feeder Canal Rehabilitation Loan 772 17-Dec-85 03-Apr-00 Partly successful 139,055
33268-013: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Rural Development Project Loan 2234 25-Apr-06 30-Aug-12 Successful 7,683
34331-013: Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project Loan 2134 14-Dec-04 16-Jul-12 Highly Successful 27,654
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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An ADB-funded natinoal highway has cut transport costs. During 2004-2011, almost 4,000 kilometers of road were built or upgraded in Pakistan.