Upgrading Municipal Water Systems in the People's Republic of China

A private sector operation funded by ADB is giving access to clean and affordable water to millions in the People's Republic of China. View Photo Essay

Restoring Shanghai's Suzhou Creek

This waterway rehabilitation project in the People's Republic of China not only restored the quality of water and improved public health, but also created a clean, green space for the community to enjoy. Read More

Stable Growth Outlook for Developing Asia

Developing Asia’s outlook remains on track despite slower-than-expected first-quarter growth in the United States. Read More

ADB to Support Sustainable Protection and Development of Watershed in Guizhou

ADB will support watershed financing and promote inclusive and environmentally friendly development in Guizhou Province of the People’s Republic of China. Read More


After more than 3 decades of rapid economic growth that significantly reduced poverty and lifted living standards, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has transformed into an upper middle-income country. Nevertheless, significant development challenges remain, many of which are associated with urbanization, regional and rural–urban disparities, and environmental degradation.

In recent years, ADB has shifted its support from infrastructure to increasing emphasis on “softer” sectors, with an enhanced focus on innovation and value addition. This involves knowledge transfers, and the introduction of new technologies that are responsive to the PRC’s changing circumstances and development needs.

Fast Facts

1,360.72 (2013)
Population in millions

0.5% (2008-2013)
Average annual population growth rate

10.2% (2012)
Rural population living below the national poverty line

ADB Lending

Amount ($M) / %
Sector (No. of loans)
2,917.30 / 9.80%
Agriculture (33)
100.00 / 0.34%
Education (2)
4,276.85 / 14.37%
Energy (47)
620.72 / 2.09%
Finance (9)
674.80 / 2.27%
Industry and Trade (5)
2,906.20 / 9.76%
Multisector (23)
14,657.50 / 49.24%
Transport and ICT (78)
3,614.28 / 12.14%
Water Supply (34)
29,767.65 / 100%
TOTAL (231)
Cumulative as of 31 December 2013