ADB Assistance to Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT)
The Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) Leaders adopted an Implementation Blueprint for 2012-2016 at the 6th IMT-GT Summit on 4 April 2012 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. At the request of the countries, ADB assisted in preparing the blueprint in close collaboration with the national secretariats and the Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT). The Implementation Blueprint comprises a range of projects, including priority connectivity projects, focused on five economic corridors and activities in six sectors:
- transport and energy;
- trade and investment;
- halal products and services;
- tourism; and
- human resources development.
IMT-GT Project Manual
ADB assisted in the development of an Implementation Blueprint project manual as a guide for project planning and implementation.
Priority Connectivity Projects
IMT-GT countries identified 11 Priority Connectivity Projects (PCPs) with a total estimated cost of $5.2 billion. Once implemented, these projects will serve as concrete and visible building blocks of connectivity within the subregion and as part of integration under the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Key Signature Projects
The IMT-GT Ministers agreed to identify four high-profile projects for delivery by 2015. These projects would serve as “signature projects” of IMT-GT, highlighting its contributions to the ASEAN Economic Community by 2015 (AEC 2015). These projects are the Special Border Economic Zone (SBEZ) between Malaysia and Thailand; Melaka-Pekanbaru Power Interconnection; Green Cities Initiative; and IMT-GT RoRo Maritime Connectivity.
Special Border Economic Zones. ADB has assisted in undertaking a scoping study to identify feasible SBEZs sites that would ensure synergies, complementarities, and attract investment along the border of Malaysia and Thailand.
Melaka-Pekanbaru Power Interconnection. ADB has been actively assisting Indonesia and Malaysia in the preparation of the proposed Melaka-Pekanbaru Power Interconnection Project, which is being planned for 2015. This is also one of the flagship projects included in the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC).
Green Cities Initiative. The project was initiated by the Chief Ministers and Governor’s Forum (CMGF) with Songkhla (Thailand) and Melaka (Malaysia) volunteering to be the “pioneer” cities. Medan was later selected as the pioneer city for Indonesia.
ADB supported a scoping study for Melaka. A knowledge workshop on the Green City Action Plan for Melaka was held on 22-23 April 2014 in Malaysia to launch the plan, which was adopted by the Melaka State Government.
IMT-GT RoRo Maritime Connectivity. ADB is also supporting a study to assess the feasibility of Roll-On, Roll-Off (RoRo) services in the Penang-Belawan-Trang triangle route.
ADB has been requested to extend support to the IMT-GT Customs, Immigration, and Quarantine (CIQ) Task Force in formulating and harmonizing CIQ rules and regulations for trade facilitation in the subregion.
An IMT-GT Database on Trade, Investment, and Tourism was developed to monitor IMT-GT projects as well as enable a comprehensive review of the impact of IMT-GT cooperation. The first database set has been established and a statistical brochure was produced. ADB supported the setting up of the task force for the database, which comprise representatives from statistical agencies. ADB also assisted the countries in producing a statistical booklet compiling the aggregate subregional data for IMT-GT, which was launched at the 8th IMT-GT Summit on 11 May 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.
Capacity Building Support for the CIMT Secretariat ADB and the Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT) will be signing a Cooperation Agreement (CA) in 2014 to solidify areas of cooperation and strengthen ADB’s continued support for the subregional cooperation program.