Tonga and ADB

In the Spotlight

The economy of Tonga is characterized by large volumes of subsistence agriculture, extreme vulnerability to natural hazards, and a heavy reliance on external income (donor aid and remittances). In the medium term, Tonga’s development prospects depend on the continued implementation of structural reforms that will improve economic productivity, remove bottlenecks to growth, and strengthen macroeconomic resilience.

ADB and other development partners are working closely with the Government of Tonga to implement a Joint Policy Reform Matrix that ensures that priority areas are addressed, and that policy reforms are realized. The medium-term policy goals for the government include maintaining macroeconomic stability, particularly in light of the large debt overhang, and improving economic management. Policy reforms must also seek to achieve sustained economic growth led by the private sector, while maintaining education and health standards.


0.10(2014) Population in millions

0.2%(2009-2014) Average annual population growth rate

22.5%(2009) Population living below the national poverty line

Download 2015 Basic Statistics