Results of ADB-supported Operations: Viet Nam

ADB's activities in Viet Nam span from projects in agriculture and natural resources, urban services, and public sector management to large infrastructure projects, particularly roads and energy. ADB's strategies and programs in the country have been carefully aligned with the government's development programs, and are particularly supportive of inclusive growth.

ADB is supporting Viet Nam by pursuing a country partnership strategy that seeks to remove key constraints to pro-poor, business-led development. In the coming years, ADB is also helping promote public–private partnerships and improve the efficiency of Viet Nam's economy.

This country brief summarizes how the partnership between the Government of Viet Nam and ADB has contributed to the development of the country.

Development Outputs from ADB-Supported Projects in Viet Nam, 2004-2012

As of 31 December 2012 Download Excel file

Sector/Output Outputs Delivered
Education
Classrooms built or upgraded (number) 3,152
Teachers trained (number) 34,904
Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support (number) 1,695,298
Energy
Installed energy generation capacity (megawatt equivalent) 1,432
Transmission lines installed or upgraded (kilometers) 2,021
Distribution lines installed or updgraded (kilometers) 4,976
New households connected to electricity (number) 222,799
Greenhouse gas emission reduction (tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) 132,140
Finance
Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached (number) 206,601
Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached (number) 170,857
Transport
National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded (kilometers) 5,846
Beneficiaries from road projects (number) 87,074,681
Water
Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network (kilometers) 2,651
New households served with water supply (number) 392,294
Wastewater treatment capacity created (cubic meters) 167,000
New households served with sanitation (number) 33,469
Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management (hectares) 1,518,341

The table includes projects completed during the period, and funded by ADB's ordinary capital resources and/or the Asian Development Fund, cofinanciers, and the government. The outputs presented are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. ADB monitors progress on these outputs in the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The numbers represent the sum of outputs and beneficiaries of individual projects. Therefore, the beneficiary numbers reported under education—teachers trained, and students benefitting from school improvement programs or direct support—include those who benefited from more than one project.

Source: ADB project completion reports

Classrooms built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 3,152

Classrooms cover (i) classrooms; (ii) laboratory rooms, including those for science, computers, and languages; (iii) lecture halls; (iv) libraries and workshop facilities; (v) auditoriums; and (vi) sports facilities, which may include gyms, and basketball and volleyball courts.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31039-013: Teacher Training Project Loan 1718 14-Dec-99 28-Nov-08 Successful 182
25033-013: Vocational & Technical Education Project Loan 1655 11-Dec-98 23-Oct-08 Successful 266
25034: Lower Secondary Education Development Project Loan 1537 16-Sep-97 12-Jun-06 Successful 2,482
29204: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1515 20-Mar-97 28-Nov-06 Successful 200
40282-013: Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project Loan L2273 21-Nov-06 8-Aug-12 Successful 22
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Teachers trained between 2004-2012: 34,904

The number of teachers or professors trained over the duration of the project as a result of the project, both pre-service in order to become teachers; and in-service, for teachers to acquire or improve their teaching capacity. Teachers refer to those employed in formal primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31039-013: Teacher Training Project Loan 1718 14-Dec-99 28-Nov-08 Successful 7,431
25033-013: Vocational & Technical Education Project Loan 1655 11-Dec-98 23-Oct-08 Successful 4,709
25034: Lower Secondary Education Development Project Loan 1537 16-Sep-97 12-Jun-06 Successful 22,764
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Students benefiting from school improvement programs or direct support between 2004-2012: 1,695,298

Students benefiting from (i) school improvement programs (at the end of the project); or (ii) having received direct support through scholarships, feeding, or similar programs (total number over the duration of the project). School improvement programs include civil works and provision of equipment or furniture.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31039-013: Teacher Training Project Loan 1718 14-Dec-99 28-Nov-08 Successful 14,560
25033-013: Vocational & Technical Education Project Loan 1655 11-Dec-98 23-Oct-08 Successful 517,931
25034: Lower Secondary Education Development Project Loan 1537 16-Sep-97 12-Jun-06 Successful 1,154,000
29204: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1515 20-Mar-97 28-Nov-06 Successful 8,000
40282-013: Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project Loan L2273 21-Nov-06 8-Aug-12 Successful 807
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Installed energy generation capacity between 2004-2012: 1,432 megawatt equivalent

The indicator, given in megawatt (MW) equivalent is the total incremental generating capacity of a generation project. This may be power sourced from renewable technology or from conventional sources e.g., oil, coal, or large hydro. A project may involve construction of a new power plant or simply acquisition of an asset, e.g., the private sector acquiring a government-owned coal plant. This includes the MW-equivalent capacity of additional heating supply as well as hydrocarbon-based energy added through production or additional import capacity. Energy export is excluded from Level 2 measurement as it does not add to the energy resources of a country.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36901-014: Phu My 3 Private Sector 7178/1923 18-Oct-02 29-Mar-04 Highly successful / successful 717
35914-014: Mekong Energy Co. Ltd. Private Sector 7176/1906 02-Jul-02 31-Oct-02 Highly successful / successful 715
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Transmission lines installed or upgraded between 2004-2012: 2,021 kilometers

The indicator covers power, gas, and oil transmission lines. It is the measure of the ground distance, in kilometers, traversed by the transmission line. For power transmission lines, we are looking for the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometers.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28187: Central & Southern Vietnam Power Distribution Project Loan 1585 27-Nov-97 30-May-05 Highly successful / successful 1,497
25096: Power Distribution Rehabilitation Project Loan 1358 08-Jun-95 10-Apr-02 Highly successful / successful 20
32273-013: Northern Power Transmission Sector Project Loan 2128 13-Dec-04 10-May-12 Successful 504
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Distribution lines installed or updgraded between 2004-2012: 4,976 kilometers

"Distribution lines installed or upgraded" is the aggregate of the following three sub-indicators: (i) km of power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kv or lower); (ii) km of district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) km of urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28187: Central & Southern Vietnam Power Distribution Project Loan 1585 27-Nov-97 30-May-05 Highly successful / successful 2,588
25096: Power Distribution Rehabilitation Project Loan 1358 08-Jun-95 10-Apr-02 Highly successful / successful 2,388
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

New households connected to electricity between 2004-2012: 222,799

The indicator is the number of new households connected to the grid. Only new household connections resulting from a project are counted; households already connected to the grid and receiving improved services through a project are not counted. The number of new household connections resulting from a project is counted in total and not proportional to the ADB funding component only. The guiding principle is that ADB assistance is integral to the completion of the entire project; without the ADB assistance, the total target household connections would not be attained.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28187: Central & Southern Vietnam Power Distribution Project Loan 1585 27-Nov-97 30-May-05 Highly successful / successful 222,799
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.

Greenhouse gas emission reduction between 2004-2012: 132,140 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year

A proxy emission factor is to be used for developing Asia (countries where ADB may implement projects), which is 793.73 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per gigawatt-hour (GWh). This proxy factor is to be used to calculate emission reduction/ avoidance accruing from the projects, i.e., GWh generated using renewable energy, and GWh saved through efficiency improvement.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
36901-014: Phu My 3 Private Sector 7178/1923 18-Oct-02 29-Mar-04 Highly successful / successful 2,565
35914-014: Mekong Energy Co. Ltd. Private Sector 7176/1906 02-Jul-02 31-Oct-02 Highly successful / successful 129,575
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 206,601

All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project will be counted, including participants in self-help groups.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
32285-033: Agriculture Sector Development Program - Investment Loan Loan 1973 16-Dec-02 22-Sep-08 Successful 3,775
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 16,670
31361-013: Rural Enterprise Finance Project Loan 1802 12-Dec-00 07-Oct-08 Successful 118,842
30317-013: Tea and Fruit Development Project Loan 1781 14-Nov-00 04-Sep-08 Successful 67,314
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached between 2004-2012: 170,857

The definition of SME follows the definition as generally used in the country of the project.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31361-013: Rural Enterprise Finance Project Loan 1802 12-Dec-00 07-Oct-08 Successful 170,857
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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National highways and provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded between 2004-2012: 5,846 kilometers

Length of open access road networks built or upgraded in km (without full access control). "Upgrading" includes all activity to restore a degraded road to originally intended design capacity (repair/rehabilitation) and to improve on its design capacity (e.g. by widening). Upgrading does not cover road signage (only).

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31367-013: Provincial Roads Improvement Sector Project Loan 1888 18-Dec-01 08-Jul-10 Successful 1,190
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 570
32105-013: GMS:Greater Mekong Subregion:East West Corridor Project Loan 1728 20-Dec-99 30-Mar-07 Successful 83
30316-013: GMS: Phnom Penh-HCMC Road Improvement Loan 1660 15-Dec-98 12-May-06 Successful 201
30076-013: Third Road Improvement Component Loan 1653 10-Dec-98 27-Apr-06 Successful 1,437
29259: Rural Infrastructure Sector Project Loan 1564 23-Oct-97 28-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 1,887
29204: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1515 20-Mar-97 28-Nov-06 Successful 259
26334: Fisheries Infrastructure Improvement Project Loan 1404 16-Nov-95 04-Jun-04 Partly successful 6
40282-013: Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project Loan L2273 21-Nov-06 8-Aug-12 Successful 213
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Beneficiaries from road projects between 2004-2012: 87,074,681

Includes all beneficiaries defined by reports and recommendations of the President or project completion reports as beneficiaries of roads constructed or upgraded; generally those in the vicinity of the road or in the project area. Beneficiaries of railway projects are not included.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
31367-013: Provincial Roads Improvement Sector Project Loan 1888 18-Dec-01 08-Jul-10 Successful 24,092,100
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 2,987,680
32105-013: GMS:Greater Mekong Subregion:East West Corridor Project Loan 1728 20-Dec-99 30-Mar-07 Successful 1,137,900
30316-013: GMS: Phnom Penh-HCMC Road Improvement Loan 1660 15-Dec-98 12-May-06 Successful 10,293,400
30076-013: Third Road Improvement Component Loan 1653 10-Dec-98 27-Apr-06 Successful 15,313,500
29259: Rural Infrastructure Sector Project Loan 1564 23-Oct-97 28-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 33,064,104
29204: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1515 20-Mar-97 28-Nov-06 Successful 35,997
40282-013: Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project Loan L2273 21-Nov-06 8-Aug-12 Successful 150,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Water supply pipes installed or upgraded: length of network between 2004-2012: 2,651 kilometers

All sizes of pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and (non agricultural) business purposes, expressed in their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes. Both new and repaired/upgraded pipes are aggregated and they are not distinguished through subindicators.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28315-013: Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1880 13-Dec-01 20-Jul-11 Successful 1,050
27405: Second Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1514 27-Feb-97 29-Mar-06 Highly successful / successful 1,056
25180: Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Proje Loan 1361 17-Aug-95 01-Dec-04 Highly successful / successful 469
25095: Ho Chi Minh City Water Supply & Sanitation Rehabilitation Loan 1273 29-Nov-93 17-Feb-04 Highly successful / successful 76
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with water supply between 2004-2012: 392,294

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects that offer piped or non-piped water supply systems, which is of a higher order than the system that the households used before. Non-piped supply may include standpipes.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 31,402
28315-013: Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1880 13-Dec-01 20-Jul-11 Successful 128,609
27405: Second Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1514 27-Feb-97 29-Mar-06 Highly successful / successful 61,963
25180: Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Proje Loan 1361 17-Aug-95 01-Dec-04 Highly successful / successful 40,320
25095: Ho Chi Minh City Water Supply & Sanitation Rehabilitation Loan 1273 29-Nov-93 17-Feb-04 Highly successful / successful 130,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Wastewater treatment capacity created between 2004-2012: 167,000 cubic meters

Wastewater treatment capacity added is equivalent to the maximum amount of cubic meter (m3) of waste water at the new or improved treatment plant intake per day. It excludes waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste. Sewage received from residential, non-residential, and non-trade waste sources includes volumes collected in the sewage system due to storm water, illegal connection inflows, and infiltration to the sewerage system. Residential (domestic) sewage is the waterborne waste derived from human origin comprising fecal matter, urine, and liquid household waste from water closet pans, sinks, baths, basins, and similar fixtures designed for use in private dwellings.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
28315-013: Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1880 13-Dec-01 20-Jul-11 Successful 167,000
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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New households served with sanitation between 2004-2012: 33,469

This refers to all additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before, or benefited from systems of lesser order. The situation at the end of the project is to be reflected.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 347
28315-013: Third Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1880 13-Dec-01 20-Jul-11 Successful 18,902
27405: Second Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project Loan 1514 27-Feb-97 29-Mar-06 Highly successful / successful 14,170
25180: Provincial Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Proje Loan 1361 17-Aug-95 01-Dec-04 Highly successful / successful 50
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Land improved through irrigation services, drainage, and flood management between 2004-2012: 1,518,341 hectares

The rural land area improved through new/improved irrigation (and drainage) services and/or flood management. This indicator is the aggregate of 2 sub-indicators: (i) land area improved through irrigation (and drainage) services in hectares, and (ii) land area improved through flood management in hectares.

Contributing ADB Projects
Project Name Type of Assistance Approval Number Approval Date Closing Date Success Rating at Completion* Contribution to Output
33301-013: Central Region Livelihood Project Loan 1883 17-Dec-01 28-Apr-10 Successful 3,062
29259: Rural Infrastructure Sector Project Loan 1564 23-Oct-97 28-Sep-05 Highly successful / successful 60,314
29204: Forestry Sector Project Loan 1515 20-Mar-97 28-Nov-06 Successful 210
25095: Ho Chi Minh City Water Supply & Sanitation Rehabilitation Loan 1273 29-Nov-93 17-Feb-04 Highly successful / successful 24
25019: Irrigation and Flood Protection Rehabilitation Loan 1259 26-Oct-93 08-Apr-03 Highly successful / successful 113,516
30292-013: Second Red River Basin Sector Project Loan 1855 13-Nov-01 14-Feb-11 Successful 1,298,000
40282-013: Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project Loan L2273 21-Nov-06 8-Aug-12 Successful 43,215
*The above table reflects project ratings from project completion reports. These ratings are updated with those from the project completion report validation reports and/or project/program performance evaluation reports when these reports become available.
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Ho Thi Lien, 40, and the other women of the Van Kieu ethnic minority in Phu Thieng village in the Dakrong District now have clean water for home use.