International Comparison Program 2011

The United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) at its 39th session formally endorsed in February 2008 the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP). The World Bank is designated as the ICP Global Office while the Asian Development Bank thru the Economics and Research Department accepted once again, its role as the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific under R-RDTA 7507 – The 2011 ICP for Asia and the Pacific.

From 146 participating countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Commonwealth of Independent States, South America, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and Western Asia in the 2005 ICP round, the number of countries participating in the 2011 round of ICP is expected to reach 160 with the participation of the Pacific Islands and Caribbean Region. For Asia and the Pacific Region, 22 ADB-member economies including: Bangladesh, Bhutan; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; People’s Republic of China; Fiji Islands; Hong Kong, China; India; Indonesia; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Maldives; Mongolia; Myanmar Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Taipei,China; Thailand; and Viet Nam. A non-ADB member economy, Macao, China is also actively participating in the project, with its own funding.

The 2011 ICP for the region hopes to produce robust purchasing power parity (PPP) estimates that will be used in real comparisons of total and per capita gross domestic product (GDP) both within Asia and the Pacific and with other countries all over the world participating in the program. PPP allows cross-country comparison of major components of the real final expenditures on GDP — household and government consumption, gross fixed capital formation, and various components of these important aggregates. Using PPP, cross-country comparisons are considered "real comparisons" in the sense that they directly compare volumes of final goods and services that are not distorted by differences in price levels between countries.

The 2011 ICP Governance Framework

The Governance Framework establishes institutional responsibilities and organizational arrangements. It specifies the roles and responsibilities of the executive, managerial and advisory bodies, and the procedures that they follow. It is composed of the Executive Board (EB), the Technical Advisory Board, the Global Office (GO) and the Regional Offices (RO), each with its own Advisory Board. Each of the Regional Offices work with National Coordinators of Participating Economies. This bottom-up approach ensures intensive consultation process from the beginning; is supported by common interest at the national, regional and international levels; and the participating economies are the main drivers of ICP.

Executive Board. An international Executive Board provides leadership, determines strategic priorities, and approves annual work programs. It is also accountable to the UNSC for the progress of the ICP and the provision of annual status reports. Membership includes the Eurostat, OECD, IMF, World Bank, UNSD, Regional Coordinating Agencies and Representatives of countries participating in the ICP.

Technical Advisory Group. This board advises on the technical issues linked to the conceptual integrity and methodological adequacy of the ICP. Specifically, its role is to provide inputs to the GO and regional coordinators to: i) resolve methodological problems; ii) link regional PPPs to obtain global results; iii) adopt data access policies; and prepare regional and global reports.

Global Office. The GO housed in the World Bank manages the day-to-day coordination of the program, working closely with regional and national offices. Its specific roles are to: i) implement the ICP at the international level; ii) establish synergy between the ICP and the SNA; iii) provide secretariat functions for the EB; iv) provide overall coordination and support across regions; v) implement dissemination policy of ICP statistics to the users; and vi) manage databases and access to ICP data.

Asia and the Pacific Regional Office. The RO work with the National Coordinators to ensure comparability of data. Its specific roles are to: i) design and implement regional programs; ii) provide overall coordination and support to participating countries; iii) monitor implementation of program; and iv) provide progress reports to the EB through the GO.

Regional Advisory Board. The Regional Advisory Board is established to provide advice to the Regional Coordinator of the ICP Asia Pacific. It includes representatives of national (ultimate micro data custodians) and regional stakeholders (client). RAB is not an executive body nor involved in the day to day management of the ICP. Specifically, its roles are to: i) set regional goals, objectives and priorities, review and approve work programs; ii) provide mechanism for keeping all parties involved and informed; iii) review progress reports; iv) advice on the sustainability of the program; and v) assist in shaping the vision of ICP for future direction.

National Implementing Agencies. The 22 member economies include: Bangladesh, Bhutan; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; People’s Republic of China; Fiji Islands; Hong Kong, China; India; Indonesia; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Maldives; Mongolia; Myanmar Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Taipei,China; Thailand; and Viet Nam. Another economy, Macao, China is also actively participating in the project. The NIAs with their respective National Coordinators (NC) as focal persons, are responsible for implementing country level activities and coordinating with the ADB. Each NIA/NC is expected to: i) undertake price surveys including the preparation of the appropriate survey design; ii) provide the required GDP weights; iii) participate in regional workshops for product list development/data validation/reviews; and iv) undertake other activities necessary for the calculation of the 2011 PPPs.

Other Organizations in the 2011 ICP Global Program

United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC)
The UNSC constitute the ICP EB ensuring adequate representation by key countries and regional organizations. They review and act upon issues raised by the EB. They also provide guidance to the EB regarding outreach, advocacy, and coordination with other initiatives, especially the implementation of the 1993/2008 System of National Accounts. The UNSC Form a Friends of the Chair, as needed, to guide/evaluate ICP process and through the FOC group collect feedback and agree on ways to improve the ICP processes and procedures. As EB member, the UNSD Director will liaise with the Director of the Development Data Group and the ICP Global Manager to keep lines of communication open between the UNSC and the GO.

Development Data Group (DDG) in the World Bank
The Director of DDG ensures data confidentiality from the ICP regions and countries following WB rules & procedures. The DDG is responsible for archiving the 2011 database. With input from the EB and the Global Manager, DDG provides a policy recommendation and implement it regarding the access to the ICP 2011 data for research and analysis purposes.

Objective

With the implementation of the 2011 ICP, it is hoped that implementation of international standards in macro- and micro-economic statistics with emphasis on price statistics and national accounts will be improved. In particular, the expected outcome is that of improving the capability and comparability for macroeconomic outputs for the Asia and Pacific region.

Scope

To achieve the desired outcome, the R-RDTA will have three major components: (i) setting up the governance structure; (ii) presurvey preparations; and (iii) data collection and validation; and PPP computation.

Setting up the governance structure. Three levels of partnership will be forged: (i) with participating DMCs; (ii) with the ICP Global Office at the WB; and, (iii) with the Regional Advisory Board (RAB), the highest policy making body for ICP Asia Pacific.

Presurvey preparations. This will include: (i) the development of product catalogues; (ii) drawing up of country sampling design frameworks for the conduct of price surveys; and (iii) technical discussions on methods to be adopted for the 2011 ICP. Trainings and workshops will be conducted to guide countries on technical matters and to resolve issues and concerns prior to the conduct of field operations/surveys.

Data collection, validation and PPP computation. Given the nature of the R-RDTA, each participating DMC will conduct monthly price surveys for household items based on approved sampling designs and price collection methods. They will be required to submit the following prevalidated price information: individual price quotations, national annual average prices, coefficients of variation, and total number of quotations for each product or service priced every month. They will also be requested to provide a detailed breakdown of 2011 final GDP expenditures by basic heading; and, (ii) 2011 midyear population. For the nonhousehold sectors (construction, machinery and equipment, and government compensation), the periodicity and manner of price collection will be closely linked to the TAG recommendations.

To ensure the timely submissions of outputs, the RO and NIAs are working based on agreed time table and schedule and conduct of meetings, training and workshops as follow:

Regional Advisory Board (RAB)

Third Regional Advisory Board (RAB) Meeting
13-14 May 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, attended by 22 participants

The members of the Regional Advisory Board of the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP) for Asia and the Pacific were convened to discuss the status of the implementation of the 2011 ICP particularly in relation to the outcomes of the validation workshops and ICP Experts' group meetings. The objectives of the meeting include discussion and endorsement of the following ICP areas:

  1. approaches to PPP calculations for actual and imputed rents for Housing;
  2. roductivity adjustments for government compensation;
  3. analysis of the 2011 ICP price and national accounts data; and
  4. methods for estimating the 2011 PPP and per capita relatives of GDP and its major aggregates.
Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Agenda
Participants
Business Arising from the Second RAB Meeting
Updates from the ICP Global Office
Updates from the 2011 ICP
2011 Consumption Expenditures of Government
Dwelling Services
Machinery and Equipment
Construction
Individual Consumption Expenditures by Household
2011 Gross Domestic Expenditures
Aggregation of Price Data for ICP
2011 ICP Preliminary Results
Extrapolating PPPs

Second Meeting of the ICP Asia Pacific Regional Advisory Board
18 November 2010, Intercontinental Beijing Financial Street, Beijing, People's Republic of China, attended by 13 members

The meeting was held to update the RAB members on the progress to date in implementing the 2011 ICP in Asia Pacific region, address any shortcomings and resolve outstanding issues. It was co-hosted by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) PRC.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 327 kb]
Annex 1 – Agenda [PDF: 42 kb]
Annex 2 - Participants [PDF: 46 kb]
2011 ICP Updates at the Global Level [PDF: 599 kb]
AP Status of Implementation on 2011 ICP [PDF: 18 kb]
Current Activities for the 2011 ICP at the Regional Level [PDF: 57 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite [PDF: 137 kb]

Organizational Meeting of the ICP Asia Pacific Regional Advisory Board
20 May 2010, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, attended by 11 members

The meeting was convened to set the overall direction of the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific program; its governance framework; and the proposed research agenda for the current ICP round. The meeting is also vital in obtaining the support and commitment from stakeholders including the ICP Global Office, international organizations and National Implementing Agencies.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 177 kb]
Annex 1 – Agenda [PDF: 295 kb]
Annex 2 – Participants [PDF: 40 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific - Framework of Partnership [PDF: 732 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific –Terms of Reference [PDF: 47 kb]
Regional Workplan [PDF: 205 kb]
Country Workplan – Proforma [PDF: 47 kb]
ICP Governance Framework [PDF: 410 kb]
ICP at the Global Level [PDF: 2,652 kb]
2011 ICP for Asia and the Pacific [PDF: 350 kb]
Role of the 2011 Regional Advisory Board [PDF: 373 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific: Institutional Arrangements [PDF: 561 kb]

Conference on Developments in the ICP in Asia and the Pacific
9-10 March 2011, ADB Headquarters, Manila, attended by 75 participants

The conference is a venue for heads of national implementing agencies national coordinators, statisticians, and economists from national and international organizations to come together to present and discuss the methodology and results of the research initiatives on the 20 09 Pur chasing Power Parity update and developments in the ICP.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 226 kb]
Annex 1 – Agenda [PDF: 122 kb]
Annex 2 – Participants [PDF: 17 kb]
Session 2.1 Asia Update Methodology Core List Approach [PDF: 139 kb]
Session 2.1 Building Core Product List--Comments [PDF: 71 kb]
Session 2.1 Updating 2005 PPP to 2009 in the AP Region Methodology and Empirical Results [PDF: 943 kb]
Session 2.2 Alternative Approach to Construction--Comments [PDF: 48 kb]
Session 2.2 Construction PPPs [PDF: 102 kb]
Session 3 ICP CPI Integration and Subnational PPPs for the Philippines--Comments [PDF: 275 kb]
Session 3 Subnational PPP Philippines [PDF: 1,352 kb]
Session 3 Towards Integration of ICP and CPI [PDF: 683 kb]
Session 4 1993 SNA Implementation and SUT in Asia and the Pacific--Comments [PDF: 18 kb]
Session 4 1993 SNA Implementation and Supply and Use Tables in Asia and the Pacific [PDF: 293 kb]
Session 4 SUT Implementation in Asia Pacific [PDF: 825 kb]
Session 5 2009 PPP Updates [PDF: 1,039 kb]
Session 6.1 ICP Statistical Capacity Building [PDF: 88 kb]
Session 6.2 Ensuring Parity in the Region--Presentation [PDF: 874 kb]
Session 6.2 Ensuring Parity in the Region [PDF: 173 kb]
Session 6.3 Challenges in ICP-Africa Implementation [PDF: 545 kb]
Session 6.4 Developments in the Implementation of ICP ESCWA [PDF: 63 kb]
Session 6.5 Implementing ICP in Jordan [PDF: 215 kb]
Session 6.6 ICP 2011 Challenges Global Office [PDF: 1,605 kb]

Regional Office

2011 ICP Asia and the Pacific Expert’s Group Meeting
25-26 March 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, attended by 6 participants

The two-day Experts' Group discussion was held back to back with the Technical Evaluation of the 2011 ICP Data from 14-22 March 2013. The meeting focused on inter-country regional validation for gross domestic products; construction; dwellings and rentals; compensation; and machinery and equipment (M&E) of which extreme outliers for each country for each sector were identified prior to conducting inter-country validation.

Highlights of the Meeting
Highlights
Participants

Technical Evaluation of the 2011 International Comparison Program Data
14-22 March 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, attended by 60 participants

The technical discussions were convened to review annual average prices of household and non-household sectors which will be used to compute the 2011 Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) for the Asia and Pacific region, and subsequently in the global results. The event comprised of two modules: review of data for the household sectors on 3-5 July; and the other for non-household sectors on 6-10 July.

Highlights of the Meeting Presentation/Reference Materials
Agenda
Participants
Overview of the Workshop
Inter-Country Validation: GDP Expenditure Values
Productivity Adjustment for Government
Compensation PPPs for Housing Services

Core Group Meeting on Non-Household Sectors
11-12 July 2012, Manila, Philippines, attended by 9 experts

A two-day meeting was convened to review the non-household sectors of machinery and equipment (M&E); dwellings; and government compensation. Discussions on the M&E items on the first day included an in-depth technical review of the items priced by the countries to determine the items that satisfy the required structured product descriptions (SPDs); identify equivalent items; and determine the need to split items if necessary; and make recommendations on further action to be undertaken by the ADB and the participating countries.

Highlights of the Meeting
Highlights
Participants

Technical Evaluation of ICP Price Survey
3-10 July 2012, Manila, Philippines, attended by 26 participants

The technical discussions were convened to review annual average prices of household and non-household sectors which will be used to compute the 2011 Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) for the Asia and Pacific region, and subsequently in the global results. The TEIPS focused on the review of data for the household sectors on 3-5 July; and the other for non-household sectors on 6-10 July.

Highlights of the Meeting Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights
Agenda
Participants
Overview of the Workshop
Inter-Country Validation: GDP Expenditure Values
Water Tariff
CPD-CPRD and Effects of Importance
What is an Important Product?
Sub-Group Session Mechanics

Machinery & Equipment
Construction
Resource mix
Dwelling and Quantities
Quantity Approach to Estimating PPPs for Dwelling
Rental Data Validation
Rents of Dwelling
Estimates of Capital Stocks
Estimating Government Stock of Fixed Capita

Fourth Technical Evaluation of Household Price Survey Results
16-19 January 2012, Hanoi, Viet Nam, attended by 39 participants

This discussion is very critical in ensuring the quality of price data for the computation of robust Purchasing Power Parity data. The Technical Evaluation aims to review, discuss and identify sources of variations; and assess the revised first semester 2011 and preliminary third quarter household price data. Senior Price Statisticians attended the discussion.

Highlights of the Meeting Presentation/Reference Materials
Agenda
Participants
Updates on Product List
Compensation PCT

Fifth Technical Evaluation of Household Price Survey
22-27 March 2012, Siem Reap, Cambodia, attended by 25 participants

The technical evaluation was organized to validate and analyze the January to December household price data for 2011; and resolve intra- and inter-economy issues in the price data. This was attended by senior price statisticians from 21 DMCs with the ICP Global Office Manager and International ICP Expert as resource persons.

Highlights of the Meeting
Highlights of the Meeting
Annex 1 - Agenda
Annex 2 - List of Participants
Annex 5 - Guidelines for Evaluating Availability and Importance

First Technical Evaluation of Non-Household Price Surveys
28-30 March 2012, Siem Reap, Cambodia, attended by 46 participants

Price statisticians and resource persons from national statistical offices and ministries of twenty-two DMCs, the ADB and the World Bank discussed and resolved issues concerning preliminary data for machinery & equipment; construction; rental for the 2011 International Comparison Program.

Workshop Proceedings
Highlights of the Meeting
Annex 1 - Agenda
Annex 2 - List of Participants

Discussion of Non-Household Sectors
22-24 September 2011, Bangkok, Thailand, attended by 47 participants

National Experts on Machinery and Equipment joined the Price Statisticians to discuss price surveys on dwelling rental, construction and machinery and equipment. The M&E experts were engaged by the national statistics offices to assist them in pricing the non-household sector items. The Global Office Manager from the World Bank, as well as International Experts were invited to facilitate discussions on these sectors.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Agenda
Participants
Housing
Construction
Non-Household Notes
Machinery and Equipment PCT User's Manual

Third Technical Evaluation of Household Price Survey Results
19-21 September 2011, Bangkok, Thailand, attended by 27 participants

Price Statisticians from the 23 participating DMCs gathered to discuss the results of the intra- and inter-country validation and analysis of the first half 2011 household price survey data, in addition to updating and finalizing outstanding issues on the regional and global household product list. A Global Office Representative from the World Bank also attended the workshop.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Agenda
Participants
Workshop Overview
Updates on Product List
Session 1 Guidelines on Intra-Country Price Data Validation
Session 2 Guidelines on Inter-Country Price Data Validation
ICP APSS Question and Answer

Second Technical Evaluation of Household Price Survey Results and Related Sectors
13-18 June 2011, Kathmandu, Nepal, attended by 45 participants

Countries and ADB ICP Team collectively reviewed the first quarter household price data; resolved household data issues after intra-and intra-country validation; and introduced the product lists and survey instruments for the non-household sectors including construction, machinery and equipment, compensation of government employees, and dwelling rental.
 

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials

Technical Evaluation of the 2011 ICP Household Product List
11-12 March 2011, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, attended by 24 participants

The two-day technical evaluation was the final leg of the series of International Comparison Program (ICP) events held in Manila after the Dissemination Meeting for Heads of National Implementing Agencies (NIAs) held on 8 March 2011 and the Conference on Developments in the ICP in Asia and the Pacific held on 9-10 March 2011. It was conducted to assess the implementation of the 2011 ICP price surveys; assess the availability and appropriateness of the Structured Product Descriptions (SPDs) in the 2011 ICP Product List; and provide updates on the ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite. It was attended by the National Coordinators from 18 NIAs, with resource persons coming from the University of Queensland and the World Bank.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 445kb]
Annex 1 – Agenda [PDF: 411kb]
Annex 2 – Participants [PDF: 410kb]
Annex 3 - List of New Products [PDF: 16kb]
Annex 4 - List of Products with Modifications [PDF: 113kb]
Annex 5 - List of Products For Discussion But Not Modified [PDF: 86kb]
Annex 6 - Schedule of Deliverables [PDF: 7kb]
Workshop Overview [PDF: 497kb]
Guidelines for Discussion [PDF: 3,776kb]
FAQs on ICP Price Collection [PDF: 4,434kb]
FAQs on ICP APSS [PDF: 4,032kb]
Chapter 5 - Product List Specifications and Pre-Survey [PDF: 1782kb]

Workshop on the 2011 ICP Survey Framework and Methodology
27 September – 01 October 2010, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, attended by 46 participants

The objectives of the workshop include the presentation and discussion of 1) the 2011 ICP Survey Framework and Methodology of the economies participating in the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific; 2) the Purchasing Power Parity methods; and the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite (APSS). Participants to the workshop comprised National Coordinators (NC) and price statisticians from 22 participating economies.

Workshop Proceedings Country Presentations Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 316 kb]
Annex 1 - Agenda [PDF: 50 kb]
Annex 2 - List of Participants [PDF: 53 kb]
Annex 3 - List of Deliverables [PDF: 316 kb]
Bangladesh [PDF: 32 kb]
Bhutan [PDF: 66 kb]
Brunei Darussalam [PDF: 46 kb]
Cambodia [PDF: 391 kb]
People's Republic of China [PDF: 1,322 kb]
Fiji [PDF: 149 kb]
Hong Kong, China [PDF: 1,655 kb]
India [PDF: 28 kb]
Indonesia [PDF: 643 kb]
Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDF: 26 kb]
Macao, China [PDF: 138 kb]
Malaysia [PDF: 30 kb]
Maldives [PDF: 245 kb]
Mongolia [PDF: 199 kb]
Myanmar [PDF: 279 kb]
Nepal [PDF: 175 kb]
Philippines [PDF: 935 kb]
Singapore [PDF: 2,896 kb]
Sri Lanka [PDF: 120 kb]
Taipei,China
Thailand [PDF: 210 kb]
Viet Nam [PDF: 189 kb]
ICP Workshop Overview [PDF: 25 kb]
ICP Price Survey Design [PDF: 40 kb]
Sample Size, Outlet Numbers and Reliability [PDF: 44 kb]
ICP Methods of Aggregation [PDF: 155 kb]
Guidelines for the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific Implementation [PDF: 50 kb]
ICP Pricing Concepts [PDF: 32 kb]
ICP Editing and Data Validation [PDF: 35 kb]
Product Lists Development Update - Global [PDF: 336 kb]
Product Lists Development Update - Regional [PDF: 294 kb]
ICP Field Officers Manual for Price Collectors [PDF: 597 kb]
ICP APSS User's Manual [PDF: 634 kb]
ICP APSS Flowchart [PDF: 14 kb]
ICP APSS Data Handling and Transfer [PDF: 42 kb]

Training and Review Workshop – Product Lists Development and Preliminary Sampling Design
16-22 June 2010, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, attended by 30 participants

The workshop was conducted to present the ICP Survey Framework and proposed Price Collection scheme; collectively review the Global Core List; and the discuss the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific Product Catalog.

Workshop Proceedings Country Presentations Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 327 kb]
Annex 1 - Agenda [PDF: 48 kb]
Annex 2 - List of Participants [PDF: 280 kb]
Annex 3 - Report on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) Sampling Frameworks of Twenty Two Economies in Asia and the Pacific [PDF: 84 kb]
Bangladesh [PDF: 10 kb]
Bhutan [PDF: 20 kb]
Brunei Darussalam [PDF: 210 kb]
Cambodia [PDF: 669 kb]
People's Republic of China [PDF: 5,099 kb]
Fiji [PDF: 18 kb]
Hong Kong, China [PDF: 1,494 kb]
Indonesia [PDF: 677 kb]
Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDF: 8 kb]
Macao, China [PDF: 187 kb]
Malaysia [PDF: 1,169 kb]
Maldives [PDF: 105 kb]
Mongolia [PDF: 117 kb]
Myanmar [PDF: 3,546 kb]
Nepal [PDF: 16 kb]
Pakistan [PDF: 27 kb]
Philippines [PDF: 324 kb]
Singapore [PDF: 1,581 kb]
Sri Lanka [PDF: 1,939 kb]
Taipei,China
Thailand [PDF: 76 kb]
Viet Nam [PDF: 23 kb]
ICP Price Survey Design - Introduction [PDF: 37 kb]
ICP Survey Framework [PDF: 52 kb]
ICP Summary [PDF: 12 kb]
ICP Price Collection - Practical Approach [PDF: 282 kb]
Product Lists Development – Background [PDF: 66 kb]
Product List Development – Global [PDF: 14 kb]
Product List Development – Regional [PDF: 15 kb]

Inception Workshop
14-15 June 2010, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, attended by 44 participants

The workshop aims to provide overview and technical background, as well as discuss the institutional arrangements on the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 323 kb]
Letter of No Objection [PDF: 32 kb]
Draft Framework of Partnership [PDF: 50 kb]
Draft Advance Payment Facility [PDF: 69 kb]
Annex 1 - Agenda [PDF: 44 kb]
Annex 2 - List of Participants [PDF: 281 kb]
Annex 3 - Regional Work Plan [PDF: 136 kb]
Annex 4 - Country Work Plan [PDF: 134 kb]
Workshop Overview [PDF: 63 kb]
ICP Technical Background [PDF: 153 kb]
Institutional Arrangement [PDF: 67 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific - National Level [PDF: 311 kb]
2011 Global Core List [PDF: 32 kb]

Organizational Meeting of the Heads of National Implementing Agencies
20 May 2010, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, attended by 22 participants

The meeting provided a venue to introduce to the heads of the NIA, the objectives; work program; data and related statistical requirements; and provide some background on the proposed methods and research agenda for the 2011 ICP. The meeting also provided the opportunity for all parties to discuss the Framework of Partnership which defines the roles and responsibilities of the ADB and the NIAs.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials
Highlights [PDF: 312 kb]
Annex 1 – Agenda [PDF: 732 kb]
Annex 2 – Participants [PDF: 732 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific - Framework of Partnership [PDF: 732 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific –Terms of Reference [PDF: 47 kb]
Regional Workplan [PDF: 205 kb]
Country Workplan - Proforma [PDF: 47 kb]
ICP Governance Framework [PDF: 410 kb]
ICP at the Global Level [PDF: 2,652 kb]
2011 ICP for Asia and the Pacific [PDF: 350 kb]
Role of the 2011 Regional Advisory Board [PDF: 373 kb]
2011 ICP Asia Pacific: Institutional Arrangements [PDF: 561 kb]

Methods

Household Consumption Framework

A product catalogue of household goods and services with structured product descriptions and price-determining characteristics along with images (as close to the descriptions as possible) was developed for the Asia and Pacific region through the collective efforts of the 23 participating economies (namely Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brunei; Cambodia; Fiji; Hong Kong, China; India; Indonesia; Lao PDR; Macao, China; Malaysia; Maldives; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; People's Republic of China; Philippines; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Taipei,China; Thailand; and Viet Nam), ADB, and the ICP Global Office.

The household product catalogue includes available products from the global core list to be priced by all 2011 ICP participating economies as opposed to only four who priced the Ring List in 2005 (Hong Kong, Malaysia, Philippines and Sri Lanka) and the updated Asia and the Pacific regional list. The global core list, which was evaluated by economies according to availability and importance, will provide the interregional link among regions of the world. The Asia and the Pacific regional list reflects: (i) a common regional core list based on the updated 2005 ICP product list drawn up in close consultation with participating DMCs; and (ii) the inclusion of subregional products to reflect the subregional diversity in consumption patterns within the Asia and Pacific region.

Starting with the 2005 ICP Asia Pacific List, the product list was updated using the 2009 PPP product list updates, market and internet researches and the inclusion of some products from the 2011 preliminary global core list. This was then discussed during the First National Coordinator's (NC) meeting/workshop held on 16-22 June 2010 participated by 22 economies. A session was allotted to discuss in plenary the comments on the global core list raised by different economies. Suggestions include: (i) clarifying, changing and/or adding of specifications; and (ii) adding products deemed important in the region. The consolidated list of comments and evaluation were then sent to the Global Office for their consideration in the final global core list. Another session was allotted to discuss the regional list. The economies were grouped into 4 subregions (Mekong, South Asia, Southeast/East Asia and High Income) to ensure subregional representation. They discussed relevance to their respective subregions of priority products which are based on new products and those with modified specifications. After the workshop, there was a series of exchange of e-mails between the Regional Office and the NCs to solicit comments on the product list. Some of the products were deleted while for some products, specifications and even images were changed. The product list was further discussed during the Workshop on Survey Framework and Methodology (27 September to 01 October 2010) wherein additional products were proposed and some specifications revisited. These led to the refinement of the product list.

Details of methodology and additional researches are available at the World Bank website.

Software

2011 ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite

To accommodate management and processing of the 2011 ICP data, the ADB developed the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite (ICPAPSS). The software will be used for managing country and regional data needed for PPP calculation. The country module includes: Products and Outlets Management, Generation of Survey Questionnaires, Outlet Product Mapping, Data Entry, and Basic Price Analysis Tool. The system was developed by the ADB programmers. In-house developed software has advantages in terms of having a more efficient data transfer from countries to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and vice versa. It is also easier to manage as the ADB is able to enhance/modify the software and improve its functionalities as necessary. On the part of users, error alerts and simple diagnostics are provided to avoid non-sampling errors and prevent possible data entry errors or certain violations based on a set of criteria and parameters. The worksheets are also password protected and users are blocked from editing information other than those where they are required to provide information. A User's Manual was developed to guide users to a step-by-step procedure in using the ICPAPSS.

ICP Kit 2011 - Global

The ICP Country Software is a part of the International Comparison Program which includes a series of statistical surveys held worldwide to collect price data for a sample of commonly bought goods and services.

The ICP Household Price Collection module is divided into two sub modules:
Data Entry
Data Validation and Averaging

For more information, please go to the World Bank website.

Expected Output

  1. 2011 ICP Asia Pacific List for Household Products
  2. 2011 ICP Asia Pacific List for Machinery and Equipment
  3. 2011 ICP Survey Framework
  4. Improved methodologies
  5. Updated learning materials and ICP book
  6. ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite
  7. PPP results at regional level for 2011
  8. PPP results at global level for 2011

Output to Date

As of January 2011, the following has been accomplished:

  1. Asia Pacific List for Household Products

    To date, the list is composed of 917 products, 95 basic headings, 77 classes, 38 groups and 12 categories with more than 30% of the products belonging to the Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages category.

  2. Asia Pacific Standardized Survey Framework and Methodology for Participating DMCs

    The pro-forma Survey Framework and Methodology of each economy consists of the following: i) outlet selection including stages of selection; ii) sample size determination including sample size allocation; iii) geographic coverage with urban-rural classification; iv) frequency of price collection; and v) comparison of products and quotations between 2005 ICP round and in the proposed 2011 ICP round.

  3. ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite

    The ICP Asia Pacific Software Suite (ICP APSS) will be used to manage country and regional data needed for PPP computation and automate the system of survey administration, data processing and reporting encompassing the elements of outlet product mapping; generation of survey questionnaires, data entry and basic price analysis.

  4. Regional and In-Country Training of Price Statisticians, National Accountants and IT Personnel

    As of January 2011, a total of three regional training/workshops have been conducted for the 2011 ICP Asia Pacific with participants from 23 economies. Starting November 2010, training on price collection and the ICP APSS were also held in each economy.

International Comparison Program for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office

National Implementing Agencies

NIA National Coordinator
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Mr. Dipankar Roy
Deputy Director
e-mail: dr.droy69@gmail.com, dr.droy69@hotmail.com
National Statistics Bureau, Bhutan Mr. Tshering Dorji
Assistant Statistical Officer
e-mail: tdorjicpi@nsb.gov.bt
Economic Planning and Development Department, Brunei Darussalam Ms. Siti Kamariyah Mohammad
Assistant Statistics Officer
e-mail: kamariyah.mohammad@jpke.gov.bn
National Institute of Statistics, Cambodia Mr. Khin Song
Deputy Director General
e-mail: khin_song@yahoo.com
National Bureau of Statistics, PRC Ms. Shi Ting
Director & National Coordinator
e-mail: shiting@gj.stats.cn
Fiji Bureau of Statistics Mr. Peni Waqawai
Assistant Statistician
e-mail: peniw@statsfiji.gov.fj
Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Ms. Karen Ka-Lin Chan
Assistant Commissioner
Census and Statistics Department
e-mail: klchan@censtatd.gov.hk
Central Statistical Organization, India Mr. Ashish Kumar
Additional Director General
e-mail: kmashish@nic.in
BPS Statistics Indonesia Mr. Sasmito Hadi Wibowo
Director
e-mail: wibowo@bps.go.id
Department of Statistics Lao, PDR Mr. Kor Yang Pamah
Staff Member, Department of National Accounts
e-mail: koryangpamah@yahoo.com
Statistics and Census Service, Government of Macao, SAR Ms. Wong, Teng Yin
Chief of Services and Prices Statistics Department
e-mail: sianawong@dsec.gov.mo
Department of Statistics Malaysia Ms. Sa'adiah Ahmad
Deputy Director - Prices, Income and Expenditure Statistics Division
e-mail: aadiah@stats.gov.my
Department of National Planning, Maldives Ms. Mariyam Niyaf
Deputy Director General, Statistics Division
e-mail: niyaf@planning.gov.mv, mniyaf6@hotmail.com
National Statistics Office, Mongolia Ms. Batjargal Badamtsetseg
Director, Macroeconomic and Statistics Department
e-mail: badamtsetseg@nso.mn, iambadmaa@yahoo.com
Central Statistical Organisation, Myanmar Mr. San Myint
Deputy Director General
e-mail: dydg-cso@mptmail.com.mm
Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal Mr. Ganesh Prasad Acharya
Director
e-mail: acharyagp33@yahoo.com, gpacharya@cbs.gov.np
Federal Bureau of Statistics, Pakistan Mr. Shahid Mahmood Butt
National Accounts Division
e-mail: shahid.butt@statpak.gov.pk
National Statistics Office, Philippines Ms. Rosie Sta. Ana
Chief, Economic Indices and Economic Indicators Division
e-mail: r.staana@census.gov.ph
Singapore Department of Statistics Ms. Chau Wun
Assistant Director
e-mail: Chau_wun@singstat.gov.sg
Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka Mr. D.C.A. Gunawardena
Director, Prices and Wages Division
e-mail: dcagunawardena@gmail.com
Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Taipei,China Ms. Chou-Ying Tsuei
Senior Executive Officer, Bureau of Statistics
e-mail: lily@dgbas.gov.tw
Bureau of Trade and Economic Indices, Thailand Mr. Prayoth Benyasut
Acting Director
e-mail: prayoth@yahoo.com
General Statistics Office, Viet Nam Mr. Nguyen Duc Thang
Deputy Director, Trade, Service and Price Statistics Department
e-mail: ndthang@gso.gov.vn, natuan@gso.vn, lvvinh@gso.gov.vn

Regional Advisory Board

Chair: Administrator, National Statistics Office, Philippines
Co-Chair: Chief Economist, ADB
Vice Chair: Commissioner, Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong, China

Members:
Director General, National Institute of Statistics, Cambodia
Director General, International Statistical Information Center, National Bureau of Statistics, PRC
Chief Statistician, Central Statistics Organization, India
Chief Statistician, Badan Pusat Statistik, Indonesia
Chief Statistician, Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Director, Bureau of Trade and Economic Indices, Thailand

Institutional Members:
Head, Prices Branch, Australian Bureau of Statistics
Director, Statistics Division, UN ESCAP
Director, UN SIAP

Ex-officio Members:
ICP Global Coordinator, World Bank
Assistant Chief Economist, ERDI/ERD, ADB

Member Secretary: Regional Coordinator, ICP Asia Pacific, ADB