Search Economics Publications
Human Capital Spending, Inequality, and Growth in Middle-Income Asia
This paper uses National Transfer Accounts data to analyze the effect of human capital investment in Asian countries on economic growth, inequality, and fiscal balance.
Place-Based Preferential Tax Policy and Its Spatial Effects: Evidence from India’s Program on Industrially Backward Districts
This paper studies a typical preferential tax program that the Government of India initiated in 1994 which targeted 123 industrially backward districts in 14 states.
How Women Have Fared with the Rise of the People’s Republic of China in Global Supply Chain Trade
This paper examines the effects of the People's Republic of China's rapid integration into the global supply chain on women’s occupational status.
How to Fill the Working-Age Population Gap in Asia: A Population Accounting Approach
To address the challenges of aging populations, this paper examines extending the retirement age, augmenting labor migration within the region, and using population accounting methodology with the goal of increasing fertility rates.
Working Conditions, Work Outcomes, and Policy in Asian Developing Countries
Working conditions in developing countries are the focus of policy makers and stakeholders in Europe, the Americas, and especially Asia. In this debate, the garment sector has perhaps captured the most attention.
Bangladesh: Looking Beyond Garments - Employment Diagnostic Study
This study highlights the role played by growing female workforce in the positive economic turnaround in Bangladesh. It is now essential to shift workers to more highly productive sectors through structural transformations.
Catching Up, Structural Transformation, and Inequality: Lessons from Asia
While structural change is vital for Asia’s economic dynamism and growth, it may exacerbate inequality in the region.
In Search of a Better Match: Qualification Mismatches in Developing Asia
Using new data from several low-income economies in urban Asia this paper finds that overeducation in less developed labor markets are more pervasive than in more developed economies.
A Model of Gender Inequality and Economic Growth
In many developing countries, disparity in access to quality education between girls and boys adversely impacts the girls’ ability to build human and social capital, lowering their job opportunities and wage in labor markets.
Achieving Skill Mobility in the ASEAN Economic Community: Challenges, Opportunities, and Policy Implications
ASEAN member states face challenges in achieving greater mobility for the highly skilled, including hurdles in recognizing professional qualifications, and opening up access to certain jobs.