Advisory and Operational Technical Assistance in the Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic

Date: December 1999
Type: Evaluation Reports
ADB administration and governance; Evaluation
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic gained independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991. Both became ADB developing member countries three years later.
This study is in response to concerns raised in ADB that progress has been slow in some advisory and operational technical assistance being implemented in Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic, both economies in transition.
It assesses the design, implementation experience, and operational performance of ADB’s institutional strengthening programs in these countries, and their contribution to capacity building.  Sixteen advisory and operational technical assistance operations are evaluated: five to Kazakhstan and 11 to the Kyrgyz Republic.
Among the main findings was that the more successful technical assistance operations were those that involved government participation in preparing and implementing them.
Recommendations for improving the performance of these operations to ADB’s Central Asian developing member countries include designs that carefully assess training needs, including proficiency in English. Technical assistance operations should also ensure the active participation of the governments in developing recommendations on institutional reorganization and policy issues to build a better sense of ownership and commitment for the governments.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Advisory and Operational Technical Assistance (AOTA) for Training in ADB Policies and Procedures
  • AOTAs for Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building
  • AOTAs for Expert Advice Assistance
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Appendix