Asian Development Bank Support for Gender and Development - Phase II: Results from Country Case Studies

Date: December 2010
Type: Evaluation Reports
Evaluation; Gender
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


Rajesh Vasudevan of the ADB's Independent Evaluation Department discusses the significance, challenges faced, and main recommendations of the study.

ADB approved the Policy on Gender and Development in 1998 and its commitment to gender equality was further enhanced in 2008 with the approval of Strategy 2020. This includes gender equity and empowerment as one of the five drivers of development change. The ADB results framework requires that 40% of all public sector projects and 50% of projects financed by ADB deliver “significant gender mainstreaming” by 2012.

This is the second of a two-phase special evaluation study on ADB’s support for gender and development between 1998 and 2009. It brings a country and project perspective to bear on the implementation and outcomes of ADB's gender and development policy. In total, 55 projects in six countries were evaluated during the review period—Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nepal, Pakistan, and Papua New Guinea.

Some 51% of the projects were rated successful or higher in gender and development related performance. In terms of sector spread, projects in water supply education, and multisector had higher success rates in gender mainstreaming than in transport and energy.


Lao PDR: Lao People's Democratic Republic; PNG: Papua New Guinea

Among the key findings of the study was that while country gender assessments captured country specific gender issues and government gender priorities, the evidence was weak on the influences of country gender assessments to ADB's country partnership strategies.

To maximiz egender related achievements at the country level, the study recommends the more effective use of country and sector level gender assessments in preparing country partnership strategies and sector road maps. It also recommends strengthening the tracking of gender results in ADB project performance monitoring systems, and increasing collaboration with development partners, including nongovernment organizations, to deepen gender focus in country policy dialogues and technical assistance activities.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction and Background
  • Gender and Development Results: Findings of the Desk Review
  • Gender and Development Results: Findings from Country Case Studies
  • Overall Assessment, Key Issues, and Recommendations
  • Appendixes
  • Supplementary Appendixes
ADBs Support for Gender and Development - Phase II Results From Country Case Studies