Country Assistance Program Evaluation for Nepal: Delivering Assistance in a Challenging Environment (2009)

Date: June 2009
Type: Evaluation Reports
Evaluation; Environment
Series: Country Assistance Program Evaluations


In the mid-2000s, Nepal was at the peak of a long-running armed conflict that had severely disrupted normal life and put significant constraints on development activity. By the latter half of the decade, the government was securing peace, adopting a new constitution, conducting elections, and building the economy.
This study assesses the performance of ADB country strategies and assistance programs to Nepal in this difficult operating environment (during 2004–2008). ADB approved $574.7 million in assistance from Asian Development Fund resources in the period, 61.8% in grants, 34.1% lending, and 4.1% technical assistance.  Overall, the assessment of ADB assistance to Nepal is rated partly successful.
The study recommends that ADB assistance remain focused on infrastructure-led inclusive growth, including transport, power (hydropower in particular has been singled out in Nepal for its potential), water supply in rural areas and selected cities, and irrigation and water resource management. Assistance should continue to promote good governance and build the capacity of key public institutions to improve the delivery of public goods and services. It should also help to remove constraints on inward investment, public-private partnership, trade, and mobilizing financial resources. 


  • Executive Summary
  • Map
  • Introduction
  • Development Challenges and Government Priorities
  • ADB's Country Strategy and Program
  • Program Results Achieved and Performance Assessments
  • Overall Assessment, Key Findings, Lessons, and Recommendations