Country Assistance Program Evaluation for the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (2009)

Evaluation Document | 31 August 2009

This country assistance program evaluation assesses the performance of ADB's country strategies and assistance programs for Viet Nam during 1999-2008, and will be an input to the country partnership strategy for 2011-2015.

Through much of the last decade, Viet Nam continued to reap the benefits of the doi moi reform process, with economic growth averaging a strong 7.4% per year from 1998 to 2007, and poverty declining from 35.0% in 2000 to 16.0% in 2006. As the country enters a new development phase, however, the need for better infrastructure, expansion of the private sector, and labor market skills relevant to rapid industrialization has grown.

This study assesses the performance of ADB's country strategies and assistance programs for Viet Nam during 1999-2008, and served as an input to the country partnership strategy for 2011-2015.

ADB assistance in the study period grew significantly and the project focus shifted to large infrastructure (roads and energy), from agriculture and natural resources; urban services; and law, economic management, and public policy. Viet Nam received 56 public sector loans, 143 technical assistance grants, 22 project grants, and 9 private sector loans during the evaluation period, with public sector lending totaling $4.4 billion. The overall performance of ADB's country assistance strategies and programs in the period is rated successful.

The assessment showed that development partners will find it more difficult to influence reforms where there is strong government ownership of the development agenda, as in Viet Nam. But ADB's alignment with government plans and the priorities of its programs helped implementation, particularly those supporting higher level reform. Nonetheless, the study recommends, among other things, that ADB enhance implementation performance and support decentralized project implementation by improving implementation capacity assessments, particularly at the subnational level.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Background
  • Development Context and Government Priorities
  • Asian Development Bank's Assistance Program and Performance - Top-down Assessment
  • Bottom-up Assessment
  • Performance Assessment and Rating
  • Findings, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Appendixes