Country Assistance Program Evaluation for Tajikistan

Date: August 2014
Type: Evaluation Reports
ADB administration and governance; Evaluation
Series: Country Assistance Program Evaluations


This country assistance program evaluation report provides the first assessment of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) strategies and programs in Tajikistan during August 1998–October 2013. Its primary objective is to improve the effectiveness of the development support ADB provides to the country. Taking into account the economic, political, and development context in which the program was formulated and implemented, the evaluation aimed to (i) independently assess the performance of ADB assistance to the country, (ii) identify factors affecting this performance, and (iii) draw lessons and make recommendations on operational improvements for consideration in ADB’s forthcoming country partnership strategy for Tajikistan.

During the evaluation period, ADB approved 38 projects and programs worth about $1,035 million. About 95% of the initiatives approved were funded by the Asian Development Fund (ADF), and almost 61% of the funds were provided on a grant basis. Around 40% of the funds have been disbursed. Tajikistan’s performance-based allocation from the ADF ranged from $20 million to $53 million a year under ADF VII–XI. Nearly 42% of the total was allocated to the transport sector, followed by energy (24%), agriculture (9%), and public sector management (8%). Policy advice and capacity building formed an important component of ADB’s assistance program. These initiatives were supported by 69 technical assistance projects worth a total of $46.4 million.

The evaluation found plausible positive links between the development impacts of ADB’s programs and three key objectives of the ADB’s country strategies: (i) economic growth and poverty reduction, (ii) transition to a market economy, and (iii) regional cooperation. ADB supported economic growth and improved food security by financing physical and non-physical investments and strengthened the access of the poor to basic social services and markets. ADB supported Tajikistan’s transition to a market economy, and the country has made progress in this regard. Significant additional work is required, however, and Tajikistan’s ranking in the international business and investment climate surveys is still low. ADB support for regional cooperation facilitated trade in energy and other products, although political challenges to the ongoing projects may affect the impact and outcomes of ADB program. The evaluation rated the overall ADB program successful.


  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: Country Context and Government Strategies and Plans
  • Chapter 3: ADB's Country Partnership Strategy and Program
  • Chapter 4: ADB's Role and Donor Coordination
  • Chapter 5: ADB's Development Contriution and Challenges
  • Chapter 6: Performance of ADB Program
  • Chapter 7: Issues, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Appendixes

Linked Documents

1. ADB Loans and Grants to Tajikistan, August 1998–October 2013
2. ADB Technical Assistance to Tajikistan, August 1998–October 2013
3. Evaluation Framework for the Country Assistance Program Evaluation
4. Key Economic and Social Indicators, 1994–2012
5. Tajikistan’s Progress in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
6. Major Thrusts of Country Strategies and Programs in Tajikistan
7. ADB Support for Governance in Tajikistan
8. Assessment of Agriculture and Rural Development
9. Assessment of Disaster and Risk Management Operations
10. Assessment of the Energy Sector
11. Assessment of Public Sector Management
12. Assessment of Social Sector
13. Assessment of Transport Sector and Trade Facilitation
14. ADB Support for Gender Equity
15. Results Chain and Evaluation Framework for ADB’s Development Contribution
16. Impact of ADB Support for Trade Facilitation
17. Stakeholder Perception of ADB Performance