Country Assistance Program Evaluation for Uzbekistan (2011)
This country assistance program evaluation for Uzbekistan assesses ADB's support, identifies factors affecting ADB's performance, and draws lessons and recommendations for improving ADB's future performance.
ADB has been supporting the development of Uzbekistan since 1998, approving 30 loans totalling $1.3 billion for projects and programs as of the end of 2009. Support has focused on agriculture, education, transport, and water supply.
This is the second country assistance program evaluation for Uzbekistan, and covers 2002-2009. Among the priorities of ADB support over this period were accelerating environmentally sustainable rural development and enabling private sector development through reforms, foreign investment, and privatization.
Overall, ADB's assistance to Uzbekistan is rated successful. The evaluation study says projects and programs benefited in particular from ADB's close partnership with Uzbekistan's government, after overcoming some earlier stresses in the relationship.
Among the recommendations put forward for formulating ADB's new country partnership strategy and ongoing assistance for Uzbekistan are maintaining a focus on infrastructure, supporting reforms through advisory technical assistance, reviving support for private sector development, raising the efficiency of government procurement procedures, and developing a strategy for choosing financial instruments and lending modalities.
- Executive Summary
- Country Context
- ADB's Country Strategies and Program
- Assessment of ADB's Country Strategy and Assistance Program
- ADB's Performance
- Findings, Lessons, and Recommendations
Note on IED's Country Evaluations and Validations
Using its 2015 Guidelines for the Preparation of Country Assistance Program Evaluations and Country Partnership Strategy Final Review Validations, the Independent Evaluation Department (IED) intends to provide an objective and informed judgement of the performance and results of country partnership strategies (CPSs), particularly in terms of their relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and development impacts.
In ascertaining relevance, IED considers not only the alignment of the program with country needs and government objectives, but also cross-sector CPS objectives, appropriateness of modalities and sector program designs, and sufficiency of donor coordination.
The effectiveness of a country program in delivering results is also an important aspect of an IED evaluation. Primary focus is on the achievement of the outcomes and outputs of ADB interventions (and the likelihood of achievement if the program is still ongoing), as worded in CPSs and their results frameworks. These include knowledge products and institutional development efforts.
Performance and results are likewise judged from an efficiency perspective, that is, whether the program was delivered in a cost-effective and timely manner, and generated value for money. It also considers the capacity of executing agencies that may contribute to start up and implementation delays, and cost overruns.
Another critical element of IED's evaluation is the likely sustainability of results over the medium term, technically, financially, environmentally, socially, politically, and institutionally. Further, IED looks at how results led to development impacts. Specifically, whether ADB contributed to achieving the CPS objectives, directly through its sector programs and implementing cross-cutting agenda(s) across various modalities in different sectors and by various development partners.
IED gives special importance to cross-cutting objectives by considering how the cross-sectoral and thematic objectives of the CPS are articulated in the results framework and provided with appropriate indicators and targets; and how the program achieved the cross-sector thematic results. Equal weights are given to the achievement of sector and cross-cutting objectives in the relevance and development impact assessments, in both country assistance program evaluations (CAPEs) and CPS final review validations (CPSFRVs). This aligns with ADB's increasing emphasis on achieving corporate strategic priorities.
In preparing its country evaluations and validations, IED conducts document reviews, consults with concerned departments, staff, governments and other stakeholders, and undertakes evaluation missions. IED has put in place a quality assurance system to ensure consistent application of its 2015 guidelines. In CPSFRVs, IED's primary focus is to validate the evidence presented in the CPS Final Review.