Effectiveness of ADB Approaches and Assistance to Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Nepal, and Philippines

Date: December 1999
Type: Evaluation Reports
Evaluation; Poverty
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


In 1992, ADB formally adopted poverty reduction as one of its strategic development objectives. Between 1992 and 1998, 123 projects valued at about $5.9 billion were approved with poverty reduction as the primary or secondary strategic development objective. The projects span 20 subsectors in 21 developing member countries.

This evaluation was designed to answer three questions:

  1. How well did ADB incorporate poverty reduction issues into its country operational strategies and projects?
  2. How well are the monitoring and evaluation systems of ADB-financed projects geared toward measuring poverty reduction results?
  3. Which effects and impacts on poverty have been attained so far?

The evaluation involved five countries: Bangladesh, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nepal, and the Philippines.

Project results were grouped into four dimensions of poverty: well-being, access to resources, knowledge, and rights. The study found that none of the projects produced results that cut across all dimensions of poverty in a systematic way.

The study says greater efforts are needed to ensure consistent and comprehensive integration of poverty reduction issues into ADB’s country operational strategies and projects.

A systematic format is needed to ensure poverty-focused analyses of government policies, public expenditure, regulatory framework, and governments’ awareness of poverty issues.


  • Executive Summary
  • Background
  • Country Programming
  • Project Design
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Poverty Reduction Results
  • Conclusions
  • Appendixes