Improving Agricultural Productivity and Rural Livelihoods: A Knowledge Sharing Experience

Institutional Document | April 2013

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) have been actively exploring knowledge partnerships to expand mutual learning with other developing member countries (DMCs) in key sectors such as agriculture, natural resources, transport, and urbanization.

This publication documents the knowledge and experiences on agricultural development and rural livelihood improvement shared during the Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP) held in Beijing and Henan Province in November 2011.

Participants from the PRC and 12 other DMCs discussed topics that included policies and institutional mechanisms to promote modern agriculture, agricultural value chain and logistics system development, bridging of agricultural research with practices, rural infrastructure and green development, and financial development in rural areas.

Findings

The purposes of this publication is to document the knowledge and experiences presented during the 2011 KSP and the views exchanged among participants on further collaboration on agricultural and rural development in the region, and to share lessons learned with agricultural practitioners.

Some of the report's findings include:

  • Modernization and logistics - The expectations of an increasingly urbanized society and a rural population that is still large and diversifying out of agriculture will need to be met through the emergence of new structures of production and exchange. Organized and effective agricultural and food value chains have already emerged in response to this need;
  • Agricultural research - Scaling up investment in agricultural research and extension will benefit from a multi-approach and multichannel orientation to ensure that innovation reaches farmers and enterprises;
  • Rural infrastructure - Community-driven development in infrastructure is a possible solution to the problems of lack of efficiency and resources;
  • Circular economy and renewable energy. Renewable energy technologies are proving to be increasingly viable and effective to meet localized energy requirements. The concept of a circular economy deserves deeper analysis and replication; and
  • Rural finance - For rural financial markets, it is crucial to keep innovative products simple and supportive of activities in the real economy.

Contents 

  • Acknowledgments
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Policies and Institutional Mechanisms to Promote Modern Agriculture
  • Value Chain Development and Logistics Systems
  • Application of Agricultural Research
  • Rural Infrastructure and Renewable Energy
  • Financial Development in Rural Areas
  • Conclusions
  • References