Pacific Transport Update 2013
ADB is working to assist the development of the transport sector in 14 Pacific developing members through technical assistance and concessional loan or grant financing.
ADB is providing support for land, maritime, and aviation subsectors to improve access to domestic and international markets, delivery of social services, and integrated networks for inclusive development.
ADB is currently implementing transport projects in eight Pacific developing member countries: the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, the Federated States of Micronesia, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu.
Most Pacific island states lack the capital to support needed investments; and the smaller, less-developed countries also lack the capacity to plan, develop, and manage transport improvements. In response, ADB transport operations have increased significantly over the years. From 1969 to 2010, transport support amounted to $932.3 million. In 2013 alone, ADB's transport portfolio under implementation amounts to about $1,851 million, and represents a more balanced mix in the subsector support. From 1969 to 2010, the portfolio's largest share was in land transport (62.8%), followed by maritime (26.5%), and civil aviation transport (10.7%). In 2013, ADB financing of the land transport proportion of investment reduced to 52.4%, maritime transport increased to 26.0%, and aviation transport maintained a similar proportion at 19.5%.
Of ADB transport sector support in the Pacific in 2013, most (94.7%) occurs in four Pacific countries: PNG (74.4%), Timor-Leste (12.5%), Solomon Islands (3.9%), and Fiji (3.9%).
ADB has also been involved in the establishment of regional initiatives such as the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility and the Pacific Aviation Safety Office, demonstrating the commitment of other development partners and governments in the Pacific for joint action through initiatives to coordinate external support and promote sector priorities.
ADB expects to maintain a prominent role in Pacific transport infrastructure investments while supporting efforts to expand capacity and institutional and policy reform. Building on prior achievements, the pipeline of ADB transport projects for 2014-2016 totals about $484 million. This includes proposed support for road and bridge rehabilitation in PNG, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu; port development in the Federated States of Micronesia, PNG, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu; and airport improvements in PNG.
About this document
This document provides a summary of the existing portfolio of transport projects and technical assistance approved and under implementation in 2013.
- Cook Islands
- Federated States of Micronesia
- Papua New Guinea
- Solomon Islands
- Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility