Participatory Development Processes in Selected Asian Development Bank Projects in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Social Infrastructure Sectors

Date: February 2001
Type: Evaluation Reports
Show 5 tags
Agriculture and natural resources; Evaluation; Social development and protection; Urban development; Water
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


Participatory development boosts stakeholder ownership and commitment and helps give a voice to the poor. This evaluation study assesses the extent to which such processes have improved the effectiveness and benefited sustainability in ADB projects in selected sectors, as well as the efficacy of the participatory development processes themselves.

ADB-supported preparatory technical assistance and loan projects in agriculture, natural resources, and social infrastructure sectors in the Philippines, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka were evaluated. All these sectors have elements of participatory development.

Among the study’s broad findings is that the Identification of stakeholders is made at the project formulation stage by government agencies; this generally leaves out other local stakeholders. 

It notes that nongovernment organizations are used mostly to mobilize primary stakeholders during project implementation, but they had little involvement during project preparation when they should have been more active in the design process, given their valuable local knowledge.

The main recommendations focus on introducing participatory development at the project identification and preparation phases. The study says project preparatory technical assistance fact-finding missions need to be given more time and support if they are to facilitate participatory development processes, especially for workshops to identify potential stakeholders.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Main Findings of the Study
  • Major Issues and Conclusions
  • Suggestions and Recommendations
  • Proposed Immediate Action
  • Appendixes