Philippines: Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program

Date: December 2012
Type: Evaluation Reports
Evaluation; Environment
Series: Validations of Project Completion Reports
Project Number: 30308-023


Metro Manila's deteriorating air quality was a major issue in the 1990s as air pollution began to affect the health and welfare of its residents. This issue was not only confined in Metro Manila but included surrounding areas as well. The concentration of several pollutants in air reached alarming levels that were well above those commonly affecting human health. In response, ADB funded the Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program. ADB support for the program was justified based on its strategy, which advocated direct interventions to assist the government in promoting an effective environmental management system to address the ever-increasing pollution problem in large urban centers like Metro Manila.

This report validates the completionreport’s assessment of the program which aims to promote policy reforms to improve air quality in Metro Manila through the abatement of the main mobile and stationary sources of air pollution. IED overall assessment: Less than successful


  • Project Basic Data
  • Project Description
  • Evaluation of Performance and Ratings
  • Other Performance Assessments
  • Overall Assessment, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Other considerations and Follow-up