Policy Implementation and Impact of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research (2000)

Date: December 2000
Type: Evaluation Reports
Agriculture and natural resources; Evaluation
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


ADB adopted a policy on agriculture and natural resources research in 1995as part of its strategic framework for poverty reduction.

This study, completed in 2000, evaluates the effectiveness of the policy and seeks to determine the adequacy of ADB support for these operations. The study concludes that the policy has played an important role in promoting agricultural and rural development in Asia over the past 30 years.

Changes that the research policy set in place have contributed significantly to agricultural productivity increases and a reduction of poverty. “ADB investments have paid large dividends,” says the study, adding that much of these gains have occurred in impoverished environments.

The study notes, however, most of ADB’s developing member countries do not yet have the capacity or resources to undertake needed research without strong international support.

It recommends, among other things, that the agriculture and natural resources research policy agenda should focus on ADB's main thrust of development objectives, and closely focus on pro-poor growth, poverty reduction, and environmental protection.

The study also recommends technical assistance funding for international agricultural research centers focusing on cutting-edge research, as well as a networking with national agricultural research systemsfor disseminating research results. It suggests that ADB should provide loan funding to these systems, local universities, and nongovernment organizations for adaptive research on sustainable farming systems and the management of natural resources.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • ADB Policy on Agriculture and Natural Resources Research (ANRR)
  • ANRR Funding and Effectiveness of Technical Assistance Implementation
  • Empirical Evidence on ANRR Returns
  • Challenges Ahead
  • Issues
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Appendixes