This study reviews ADB policies and strategies for the port sector, using projects in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines as case studies. The findings indicate that a new approach for sector assistance is needed that goes beyond the physical infrastructure of a port to the underlying trade that the port serves for stimulating economic development.
For all four countries, the most substantial benefits for maximizing this came from the strengthening link between transport, trade, and national economic development, and the link between economic development and accessibility provided by water transport.
The country studies identify a number of problems on ADB-supported port projects; not only in terms of infrastructure, but also, for example, on project designs that that often did not take into consideration the complexity of the port business or anticipate the industry's rapid evolution.
Among the study's recommendations to improve port project quality are thorough reviews of the engineering designs, with ADB being "proactive" in introducing new port technology; and that the relationship between ports and trade facilitation needs to be considered in detail during the project identification stage.
- Executive Summary
- Issues and Lesssons from the Bank's Past Port Investments
- Issues of Port Investment
- Designing Port Projects as Part of Trade and Logistics Chains and Networks
- Possible Options for Future Bank Assistance to the Port Sector
- Conclusions and Recommendations