Role of Nongovernment Organizations and Community-Based Organizations in ADB Projects

Evaluation Document | 31 December 1999

This evaluation reviews the effectiveness of involving NGOs/CBOs in ADB lending and technical assistance operations and determine whether such involvement helps address issues and priorities of ADB's development agenda more effectively.

ADB has significantly increased its engagement with non-government organizations (NGO) and community-based organizations over the past decade. Since 1990, 150 projects - 25% of all ADB projects - have involved such organizations. In 1998, 28 projects worth more than $2 billion (49% of ADB's total projects) incorporated these activities.

This special evaluation study reviews the effectiveness of involving NGOs and community-based organizations in ADB lending and technical assistance operations, and whether such involvement helps address the issues and priorities of ADB's development agenda more effectively.

Field-based assessments rated several factors that increased the likelihood of more effective involvement. These included effective government-NGO relations, conducive environments, and consultative mechanisms.

The study makes several recommendations for strengthening ADB and country capacities for NGO and community-based organization cooperation. Among them, that ADB should consider deploying full-time NGO and community-based organization specialists in key resident missions where they are extensively involved.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Broad Trends and Findings
  • Main Findings: Field Reviews and Assessments
  • Optimizing NGO/CBO Partnerships
  • Main Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Appendixes