Sector Assistance Program Evaluation on Education in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is the most populous country in the Central Asian region. Its main human resource challenge is the development of a skilled and knowledgeable workforce able to facilitate the transition to an internationally competitive economy.
It is estimated that between one-third and a half of the cost of schooling there is borne by students' families. The affordability of education therefore presents challenges to many low-income families, particularly in rural areas. ADB's education sector loans to Uzbekistan totaled $290.5 million during 1996-2009, comprising 22.5% of ADB's total country assistance.
This sector assistance program evaluation assesses the performance of ADB support for Uzbekistan's education sector in that period. The study also draws lessons and makes recommendations for future education sector operations for Uzbekistan. Overall, it rates ADB's education sector interventions as successful.
The study found, however, that ADB's assistance could have benefited from a more rigorous analysis in the drawing up of a sector road map, working out the interface of education with employment opportunities, and the design of financing modalities.
The study recommends that ADB remain engaged in the sector - and focus on higher education and vocational training. It recommends that ADB help design and operate a system of monitoring and evaluation of the education sector's activities and results; and for ADB to assist.in building a stronger policy and regulatory environment for public sector education support programs and public-private partnerships with international universities.