Evaluation Occasional Papers | Asian Development Bank

Evaluation Occasional Papers

The ADB Evaluation Occasional Paper Series is an informal forum to present the reviews and findings of work in progress in evaluation or research relating to development effectiveness undertaken by ADB staff, consultants, and resource persons. The papers of the series are circulated to encourage discussion, elicit feedback, and advance knowledge. They are a rapidly disseminated, informal publication whose titles could subsequently be revised for publication as articles in professional journals or chapters in books. The series is maintained by the Independent Evaluation Department.

  • November 2017

    Increasing Penetration of Variable Renewable Energy: Lessons for Asia and the Pacific

    Variable renewable energy (VRE) technologies that harness solar, wind, and other intermittent energy resources are among the front runners for mitigating climate change. However, the timing and level of power generated from VRE installations depend on resource availability and are independent of the variations of power demand. VRE output is intermittent and comes with a low marginal cost. This unique combination of VRE characteristics will increasingly influence power system design, performance, and economics as VRE penetration increases.
  • November 2017

    Lessons from Country Partnership Evaluation: A Retrospective

    This paper identifies key lessons to help ADB improve the implementation and effectiveness of its country programs and to increase understanding of the role of country partnership strategy in ensuring development effectiveness.
  • October 2017

    Experience with Donor Coordination: The Case of Water Supply and Sanitation in Sri Lanka

    This joint review of Sri Lanka’s water supply and sanitation sector examined the sector’s development journey and outlined information and findings, drawing on experience gained over the past decade from performance evaluations and project interventions.
  • August 2017

    Independent Evaluation Department of the Asian Development Bank: A Self-Evaluation

    The Independent Evaluation Department (IED), through its accountability and learning mandates, conducts evaluation activities to help the Board of Directors, ADB Management, and decision makers in Asian Development Bank’s developing member countries to understand whether resources have been well spent, and whether the planned outcomes have been achieved. Its strategic goal is to accelerate ADB’s development effectiveness through independent evaluation.
  • April 2017

    Knowledge, Finance, and the Quality of Growth: An Evaluative Perspective on Strategy 2030

    The Asia and Pacific region has witnessed fundamental change, with its rapid economic growth and poverty reduction unmatched in any other region worldwide. The region has become richer faster than any other region in the world and enters this century with nearly all its countries having reached middle-income status. At the same time, this middle-income status covers a large variety of situations, with wide differences in income levels, resources and capacities. Across the region, poverty, hunger, and environmental sustainability remain unfinished agendas.
  • April 2017

    Development Effectiveness, Natural Disasters, and Climate Change

    The impacts of natural disasters are seldom factored into the determinants of development effectiveness. This is partly because these calamities have been considered to be purely natural phenomena outside the scope of policy interventions. As a result, relief and reconstruction are taken into account, but the need for prevention and preemptive action is underemphasized. 
  • February 2017

    Mitigating the Impacts of Climate Change and Natural Disasters for Better Quality Growth

    Climate change is one of the greatest development challenges. The costs of environmental neglect have long been known, but growing scientific evidence indicates how global warming is linked to greenhouse gas emissions from human activity. The impact of global warming is most visible in the rising threat of climate-related natural disasters. Disaster risk is the result of the probability of occurrence of hazardous events as well as the impacts should these events occur.
  • August 2016

    Comparative Institutional Review of ADB’s Private Sector Operations

    ADB’s private sector operations and supporting reforms for an enabling business environment have an important role to play in the region by creating jobs, building infrastructure, improving the access of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to financial services, bridging the rural-urban divide, and providing efficient healthcare and education. ADB’s Private Sector Operations Department (PSOD) has made major strides in its development over the years.
  • May 2016

    Environmentally Sustainable Growth: A Strategic Review

    The Asian Development Bank’s (ADB’s) long-term strategic framework issued in 2008, Strategy 2020, identified environmentally sustainable growth (ESG) as one of ADB’s three main strategic agendas.
  • December 2015

    Policy Reform in Bangladesh’s Secondary Education (1993–2013): Tracing Causal Processes and Examining ADB’s Contribution

    Secondary education in Bangladesh for decades has been faced with problems of low quality curriculums, monopoly textbook production, poor student assessments, rote-learning based national examinations, poor teacher training and lack of teacher certification. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank have been the main development partners in secondary education and have supported major development projects to address these and other issues.