Special Evaluation Study on Small-Scale Freshwater Rural Aquaculture Development for Poverty Reduction

Date: July 2004
Type: Evaluation Reports
Agriculture and natural resources; Evaluation; Poverty
Series: Special Evaluation Studies


The Special Evaluation Study on Small-scale Freshwater Rural Aquaculture Development for Poverty Reduction looks at small-scale aquaculture from the viewpoint of poverty reduction: What are the main factors that enable fish farming to generate livelihoods and reduce poverty? What steps can be taken to overcome constraints and optimize these factors?

The first part of the report highlights the importance of access to capital assets (human, social, natural, physical and financial) and transforming processes such as markets, institutions and services.

The second part looks at three countries in which the freshwater aquaculture sector is of vital importance: Bangladesh, the Philippines and Thailand. The studies provide lessons that researchers and development workers working towards poverty reduction will find useful.


  • Executive summary
  • Maps
  • I. Background
  • II. Rationale, Purpose, and Method of Evaluation
  • III. Understanding Poverty and Vulnerability
  • IV. Analyzing Capital Assets and Transforming Processes
  • V. Summary of Key Findings from Case Studies
  • VI. Lessons from ADB Operations in Freshwater Aquaculture
  • VII. Recommendations
  • Appendixes
  • Supplementary Appendix