Sri Lanka: Protected Area Management and Wildlife Conservation Project

Date: December 2012
Type: Evaluation Reports
Evaluation; Environment
Series: Validations of Project Completion Reports
Project Number: 31381-013


Sri Lanka's high population density, levels of poverty and unemployment, and widespread dependence on subsistence agriculture exert considerable pressure on the country's protected areas. The protected area system covered 9,700 km² or 15% of Sri Lanka’s land area and was central to conserving wildlife biodiversity. The protected areas were important in supporting rural economies through watershed protection, and add to the country’s economic and cultural values by providing recreational, ecotourism, scientific, and educational opportunities.

The project was designed on the premise that these protected areas and the services and benefits they provide were not effectively protected due to weak institutions; inadequate resources, lack of managerial skills, and low technical capacity throughout sector institutions; and the lack of cooperation between conservation agencies. Improvements in these areas were therefore warranted. Greater interagency cooperation was fundamental to strengthening these institutions and developing a strategic approach to addressing conservation priorities. Allowing local communities to be involved in planning their future and interacting with government agencies and the private sector were requisites for effective and sustainable protected area management. Part of this vision involved low-impact use of protected areas and communities and the private sector capturing benefits through ecotourism development.

This report validates the completion report’s assessment of the program which aims to strengthen protected area management and develop operational partnerships with local communities and other stakeholders to reduce illegal use of park resources in Sri Lanka. IED overall assessment: Successful


  • Project Basic Data
  • Project Description
  • Evaluation of Performance and Ratings
  • Other Performance Assessments
  • Overall Assessment, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Other considerations and Follow-up