Viet Nam: Urban Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map

Date: August 2012
Type: Country Planning Documents
Viet Nam
Economics; Urban development
Series: Country Sector and Thematic Assessments
ISBN: 978-92-9092-856-0 (print), 978-92-9092-857-7 (web)
Price: US$20.00 (paperback)


Viet Nam is one of the fastest urbanizing countries in Southeast Asia. According to the 2009 Population and Housing Census, the current population is approximately 85.8 million, with an urban population of 25.4 million (nearly 30% of the total population). The rate of urbanization has averaged 3.4% per annum since 2000 and is expected to remain at the same level. There will be about 35.5 million urban residents by 2020, or 37% of a total population of 96.7 million. Most urban growth is in the metropolises of Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City, followed by Hai Phong, Da Nang, and Can Tho. Second-tier cities are experiencing lower growth rates because they are less attractive than the larger cities in terms of employment and income opportunities. As a result, big urban centers are receiving large inflows of migration, becoming more congested and facing serious social and environmental issues.

The country’s infrastructure has significantly improved during the last decade. However, according to the country's Ministry of Planning and Investment, to become an industrialized and modernized country by 2020, Viet Nam’s infrastructure requires massive capital investment from all sources, including government budget and bond, development partners, and the private sector.

This urban development sector assessment, strategy, and road map (ASR) documents the strategic investment priorities of the Government of Viet Nam and the Asian Development Bank. The ASR has identified three priority areas:

  • development of corridor cities and towns to contribute to the transformation of regional transport corridors in the Greater Mekong Subregion into full-fledged economic corridors,
  • development of secondary cities and towns as regional economic hubs to foster balanced regional development and to strengthen rural–urban links, and
  • integrated transit-oriented development to reduce environmental pollution and traffic congestion.


  • Introduction
  • Urban Sector Assessment, Context, and Strategic Issues
  • Sector Strategy
  • Appendixes