Facts and Data about Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific

Half of the world's megacities - with populations over 10 million - are located in the Asia and Pacific region. What are the effects of this extraordinary growth? How does a region where two-thirds of the world’s poor are living cope with rising consumption patterns that contribute to waste quantities? Here are 12 facts to help you understand why waste management is a key area of concern and why ADB provides support to sustainable urban development.
 

  1. 44 million people are added to city populations every year.
    Source: ADB Urban Development
  1. More than half of the world's slum dwellers live in Asia.
    Source: ADB Urban Development
  1. By 2050, 50% of the world's population will live in the Asia and Pacific region.
    Source: ADB Key Indicators 2011
  1. Cities occupy only 2% of the world's land, but consume 75% of its resources.
    Source: ADB Fast Facts: Urbanization in Asia
  1. Asian cities are likely to contribute more than half the rise in greenhouse gas emissions over the next 20 years.
    Source: ADB Fast Facts: Urbanization in Asia
  1. Most Asian cities do not have effective wastewater treatment systems - only 10% of wastewater is treated in the Philippines while in Indonesia it is 14%, Viet Nam 4%, and India 9%.
    Source: ADB Fast Facts: Urbanization in Asia
  1. Nearly 2 billion people in Asia and the Pacific do not have access to adequate sanitation.
    Source: ADB News Release, May 2007
  1. 23% of the population or 850 million people in the Asia-Pacific Region practice open defecation.
    Source: ADB Key Indicators 2011
  1. Open defecation is a major cause of water and ground pollution leading to diarrheal diseases, a major cause of infant and child deaths.
    Source: ADB Key Indicators 2011
  1. Most Asian towns and cities use open dumps and only about 10% of solid waste ends up in properly engineered and managed landfill sites.
    Source: ADB Fast Facts: Urbanization in Asia
  1. The People's Republic of China is the world's largest generator of municipal solid waste, producing almost 150 million tons of waste every year and rising at an annual rate of 8 to 10%.
    Source: ADB News Release
  1. Since the '60s, ADB has been working to help improve urban transport, waste management, and access to clean water and sanitation.
    Source: ADB Urban Development