Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific by the Numbers

Feature | 26 November 2012

Scientists warn that the world 's climate is changing because of rising greenhouse gas emissions that might end up warming the planet by well over 2 degrees. Here are some glaring numbers that show the impacts of climate change in Asia and the Pacific.

Asia is key

35% - percentage of worldwide energy-related carbon dioxide emissions from developing Asia, compared to 17% in 1990.
Source: Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR)

70% - percentage of the region's emissions that comes from the People's Republic of China. The country's per capita emission, however, is only about 50% of the developed world's average.
Source: Key World Energy Statistics

2030 - the year when developing Asia's share in global energy-related emissions could reach about 45% without greater use of renewable energy and improved energy efficiency.
Source: World Energy Outlook 2012

Impacts to the region

7 out of the 10 - nations at greatest risk to climate change and natural disasters globally are in Asia and the Pacific, and 3 of these are small Pacific island states.
Source: World Risk Report 2012

20 million - number of Bangladeshis who will be displaced by a 1-meter rise in sea level in 2050.
Source: Pender, J.S. 2008. What Is Climate Change? And How It Will Effect Bangladesh. Briefing Paper. (Final Draft). Dhaka, Bangladesh : Church of Bangladesh Social Development Programme.

More than 60% - number of the region's population working in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry, the sectors most at risk to climate change.
Source: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

300 million to 410 million - estimated increase of Asian urban dwellers at risk of coastal flooding by 2025. In inland areas, the number of people at risk will rise from 245 million to 341 million by 2025.
Source: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

Massive investments are required

$53.8 billion -- annual average economic cost of disasters in Asia and the Pacific.
Source: Fast Facts: Vulnerable Cities - Waking Up to the Need for Urban Disaster Risk Management

$40 billion - budget required annually to help Asia and the Pacific transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient economies.
Source: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

$7 billion - approximate amount of ADB investment in clean energy related projects since 2008, with $2.1 billion in 2011 alone.
Source: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change