ICT and Skills Development in Asia and the Pacific: 12 Things to Know

Information and communications technology is both an engine of growth for developing countries and a tool for training today's youth to become the workforce of tomorrow. Here are 12 things to know about technology and youth skills development in Asia and the Pacific.

  1. ICT is a foundation for a knowledge economy. Investments in ICT for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) will help meet the demand for a skilled, "ICT-capable" labor force, which is the hallmark of a country transitioning to a knowledge economy.
    Source: ADB publication Good Practice in ICT for Education
  1. An app to help the unemployed. Codetoki is a platform that matches employers and applicants through a gamified platform and addresses the Philippines' challenge of high unemployment”. Codetoki is one of the winners of Apps for Asia, a joint initiative of ADB and Microsoft.
    Source: ADB News: Apps for Asia Winners Featured at ADB Annual Meeting
  1. In Viet Nam, which is struggling to meet the demand for qualified specialized technical workers, only 13% of the employable workforce have vocational qualifications. The ADB Skills Enhancement Project includes training in ICT, hospitality and tourism, where women are well represented.
    Source: ADB News: ADB to Help Viet Nam Improve Technical Training to Meet Skill Shortages
  1. Access to educated human resources at low cost, fiscal incentives, and the development of industrial parks have been key factors underlying the expansion of the IT-BPO export industry in the People's Republic of China, India, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
    Source: ADB Economics Working Paper Series: The Information Technology and Business Process Outsourcing Industry: Diversity and Challenges in Asia
  1. Online TVET and e-learning provide an opportunity to reach out to remote and rural areas in the PRC with high quality media and content and to improve course quality and delivery.
    Source: ADB Project: Hunan Technical and Vocational Education and Training Demonstration Project
  1. ICT can help economies move beyond 'Factory Asia'. Connectivity, both physical and human, can allow the Asian region take advantage of its expanding economic and social network, enhancing job opportunities and improving their welfare.
    Source: ADB Blog: Moving beyond factory Asia: How to leverage regional dynamics to unlock growth potential
  1. A deaf person uses a mobile phone; a blind person browses a website. Through "assistive technologies", TVET providers can facilitate job-skills training and even provide employment opportunities, for youth and adults with disabilities.
    Source: Connect a School, Connect a Community: A Public-Private Partnership
  1. The use of mobile phones and the organization of community ICT centers are making it possible for women to acquire skills training and gainful employment in many developing countries.
    Source: Connect a School, Connect a Community: A Public-Private Partnership
  1. ADB supported TeleTaleem (T2) Project in Pakistan, an eLearning service that offers web-based job searches and career counselling.
    Source: ADB Project Document: TeleTaleem Project
  1. ICT eliminates geographical and language barriers to make relevant and quality content available. In Cambodia, a NGO aims to connect all public and private vocational training centers so that all of them can access the best available TVET resources (e.g. videos/lesson plans in local language) and assist TVET instructors (e.g. video-conferencing).
    Source: Connected Schools
  1. According to the evaluation of the HP LIFE program, ICT use is correlated with increased income for both entrepreneurs and employees.
    Source: Youth Economic Opportunities
  1. TVET graduates need Digital Literacy and Digital Competency to increase their employability. Without digital literacy "individuals will find it difficult to carry out common tasks that arise in the workplace or society, and are at risk of exclusion".
    Source: ECDL Foundation

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