Government and Public Services in Asia and the Pacific

Despite progress, the growth of public access to services such as health care, schooling, and clean water, has lagged behind the pace of economic growth in much of developing Asia.

6 years: Increase of life expectancy at birth between 1990 and 2009 in the two World Health Organization (WHO) regions that span Asia: South and Eastern Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand) and the Western Pacific (Cambodia, People's Republic of China, Fiji, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Viet Nam). This was the largest increase in life expectancy of any world region.
Source: ADB report. Empowerment and Public Service Delivery in Developing Asia and the Pacific. 2013.

Only 25%:  Percentage of Filipino children in 2005 aged 0 to 5 in the poorest wealth quintile who visited a public health service provider while seeking treatment for an illness. The rest went to formal or informal private providers.
Source: ADB report. Empowerment and Public Service Delivery in Developing Asia and the Pacific. 2013.

About 14%: Percentage of the rural population of developing Asia that had no access to safe drinking water sources in 2010, compared with just 3% of urban dwellers.
Source: ADB report. Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2012.

95% or higher: Primary school enrollment ratios in 30 of 42 reporting economies in the Asia and Pacific region. But in Nepal, Pakistan, and Papua New Guinea (PNG), the ratios fall below 75%.
Source: ADB publication. Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012

More than double: Increase in the extension of developing Asia's total road network, which went from 4.9 million kilometers in 1990 to 10.3 million kilometers as of 2009 or the latest year data. This datum excludes the Pacific.
Source: ADB publication. Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012

Nearly 69%: Highest percentage of population with access to improved sanitation in Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam), at nearly 69%. In South Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka), the percentage is 37%.
Source: ADB report. Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2012.

9.4%: Government expenditures on social security and welfare, as a percentage of total government expenditure, for developing Asia. The rates are much higher in some economies in East Asia (PRC and Mongolia) and in Central and West Asia (Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan).
Source: ADB report. Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2012.

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