Part III: Regional Tables

 

Introduction

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This issue of Key Indicators contains 112 regional tables illustrating economic, social, and environmental developments in the Asia and Pacific region. These regional tables are grouped into seven themes containing a number of subtopics. Each theme has a short commentary highlighting important recent developments. These commentaries are illustrated by charts or figures that compare variables for member countries for the latest year available, e.g., 2005 or later; and often, the latest year is compared with an earlier year such as 1995 or 2000. When data are not available for all countries for the earlier year (and/or for the latest year), the title of the figure is indicated as, for example, “1995 or nearest year (and/or 2005 or latest year).” The tables cited as sources for each figure give the actual years used in such cases.

The seven themes are as follows:

People
Population Poverty Indicators
Labor Force and Employment Social Indicators
Economy and Output
National Accounts Production
Money, Finance, and Prices
Prices Exchange Rates
Money and Finance  
Globalization
Balance of Payments Capital Flows
External Trade External Indebtedness
International Reserves Tourism
Transport, Electricity and Communications
Transport Communications
Electricity  
Energy and Environment
Energy Environment
Government and Governance
Government Finance Governance

People

Commentary for People

Population growth rates in most economies of Asia and the Pacific are declining, and the United Nations' latest population projections indicate that the share of Asia and the Pacific in the global population will decline to 50% in 2050 from its present share of 56%. In most economies of the region, populations are still quite young with less than 15% aged 65 or over. But with the fall in birth rates, more than a fifth of the population could be 65 or over by 2050 in several economies. Measured by the Human Development Index, seven economies from the region including Australia, Japan, and New Zealand were among the "Very High Human Development" group, while another five were in the bottom group of "Low Human Development.

Population
Table 1.1 Midyear Population XLS
Table 1.2 Growth Rates in Population XLS
Table 1.3 Migration and Urbanization XLS
Table 1.4 Population Aged 0–14 Years XLS
Table 1.5 Population Aged 15–64 Years XLS
Table 1.6 Population Aged 65 Years and Over XLS
Table 1.7 Age Dependency Ratio XLS
Labor Force and Employment
Table 1.8 Labor Force Participation Rate XLS
Table 1.9 Unemployment Rate XLS
Table 1.10 Unemployment Rate of 15–24-Year-Olds XLS
Table 1.11 Employment in Agriculture XLS
Table 1.12 Employment in Industry XLS
Table 1.13 Employment in Services XLS
Poverty Indicators
Table 1.14 Poverty and Inequality XLS
Table 1.15 Human Development Index XLS
Social Indicators
Table 1.16 Life Expectancy at Birth XLS
Table 1.17 Births, Deaths, and Fertility Rates XLS
Table 1.18 Primary Education Completion Rate XLS
Table 1.19 Adult Literacy Rate XLS
Table 1.20 Education Resources XLS
Table 1.21 Health Care Resources XLS
Table 1.22 Estimated Number of Adults Living with HIV XLS

Economy and Output

Commentary for Economy and Output

Asia and the Pacific generated one-third of the global GDP (in purchasing power parity terms) in 2009, with the People's Republic of China, Japan, and India, respectively the second, third, and fourth largest of the world's economies. Since 2000, there has been considerable convergence of per capita GDP in Asia and the Pacific, although there are still some striking disparities across economies. In 2010, per capita GDP of Singapore—the richest country—was 45 times that of Nepal— the poorest. The year 2010 also saw a strong recovery in GDP growth throughout the region as developing Asian economies proved their resilience after the 2008–2009 crisis. In only four economies was growth of GDP slower in 2010 than in 2009. The unweighted average growth for 36 economies went up from 1.5% in 2009 to 5.9% in 2010.

National Accounts
Table 2.1 Gross Domestic Product at PPP XLS
Table 2.2 GDP Per Capita at PPP XLS
Table 2.3 GNI Per Capita, Atlas Method XLS
Table 2.4 Agriculture Value Added XLS
Table 2.5 Industry Value Added XLS
Table 2.6 Services Value Added XLS
Table 2.7 Private Consumption Expenditure XLS
Table 2.8 Government Consumption Expenditure XLS
Table 2.9 Gross Domestic Capital Formation XLS
Table 2.10 Exports of Goods and Services XLS
Table 2.11 Imports of Goods and Services XLS
Table 2.12 Gross Domestic Saving XLS
Table 2.13 Growth Rates of Real GDP XLS
Table 2.14 Growth Rates of Real GDP Per Capita XLS
Table 2.15 Growth Rates of Agriculture Real Value Added XLS
Table 2.16 Growth Rates of Industry Real Value Added XLS
Table 2.17 Growth Rates of Services Real Value Added XLS
Table 2.18 Growth Rates of Real Private Consumption Expenditure XLS
Table 2.19 Growth Rates of Real Government Consumption Expenditure XLS
Table 2.20 Growth Rates of Real Gross Domestic Capital Formation XLS
Table 2.21 Growth Rates of Real Exports of Goods and Services XLS
Table 2.22 Growth Rates of Real Imports of Goods and Services XLS
Production
Table 2.23 Growth Rates of Agriculture Production Index XLS
Table 2.24 Growth Rates of Manufacturing Production Index  XLS

Money, Finance, and Prices

Commentary for Money, Finance, and Prices

Consumer prices edged up in 2010. In 2009, the simple average inflation rate for 43 countries was 4.1% and this rose to 4.8% in 2010. Overall, food prices continued to rise faster than those of other consumer items, affecting consumer purchasing power, especially that of the poor. Most Asian currencies appreciated sharply against the United States dollar in 2010, with an appreciation in excess of 5% in the currencies of more than 20 countries. This was in contrast to an equally sharp depreciation for most currencies in 2009.

Prices
Table 3.1 Growth Rates of Consumer Price Index XLS
Table 3.2 Growth Rates of Food Consumer Price Index XLS
Table 3.3 Growth Rates of Wholesale/Producer Price Index XLS
Table 3.4 Growth Rates of GDP Deflator XLS
Money and Finance
Table 3.5 Growth Rates of Money Supply (M2) XLS
Table 3.6 Money Supply (M2) XLS
Table 3.7 Interest Rate on Savings Deposits XLS
Table 3.8 Interest Rate on Time Deposits of 12 Months XLS
Table 3.9 Lending Interest Rate XLS
Table 3.10 Yield on Short-Term Treasury Bills XLS
Table 3.11 Domestic Credit Provided by Banking Sector XLS
Table 3.12 Bank Nonperfoming Loans XLS
Table 3.13 Growth Rates of Stock Market Price Index XLS
Table 3.14 Stock Market Capitalization (US$ million) XLS
Table 3.15 Stock Market Capitalization (percent of GDP) XLS
Exchange Rates
Table 3.16 Official Exchange Rate XLS
Table 3.17 Purchasing Power Parity Conversion Factor XLS
Table 3.18 Price Level Indexes XLS

Globalization

Commentary for Globalization

Intra-Asian exports accounted for nearly 54% of total exports of Asia and the Pacific in 2010. The 18% fall in the dollar value of all exports in 2009 was replaced by 30% growth in 2010 and all major exporters benefitted. Migrant workers' remittances recovered in countries where they were affected by the economic crisis in 2009 and international tourist arrivals and tourism receipts have also rebounded.

Balance of Payments
Table 4.1 Trade in Goods Balance XLS
Table 4.2 Trade in Services Balance XLS
Table 4.3 Current Account Balance XLS
Table 4.4 Workers' Remittances and Compensation of Employees, Receipts (US$ million) XLS
Table 4.5 Workers' Remittances and Compensation of Employees, Receipts (percent of GDP) XLS
Table 4.6 Foreign Direct Investment, Net Inflows (US$ million) XLS
Table 4.7 Foreign Direct Investment, Net Inflows (percent of GDP) XLS
External Trade
Table 4.8 Merchandise Exports XLS
Table 4.9 Growth Rates of Merchandise Exports XLS
Table 4.10 Merchandise Imports XLS
Table 4.11 Growth Rates of Merchandise Imports XLS
Table 4.12 Trade in Goods XLS
Table 4.13 Direction of Trade: Merchandise Exports XLS
Table 4.14 Direction of Trade: Merchandise Imports XLS
International Reserves
Table 4.15 International Reserves XLS
Table 4.16 Ratio of International Reserves to Imports XLS
Capital Flows
Table 4.17 Official Flows from All Sources to Developing Member Economies XLS
Table 4.18 Net Private Flows from All Sources to Developing Member Economies XLS
Table 4.19 Aggregate Net Resource Flows from All Sources to Developing Member Economies XLS
External Indebtedness
Table 4.20 Total External Debt of Developing Member Economies (US$ million) XLS
Table 4.21 Total External Debt of Developing Member Economies (percent of GNI) XLS
Table 4.22 Total External Debt of Developing Member Economies (percent of exports of goods, services, and income) XLS
Table 4.23 Total Debt Service Paid by Developing Member Economies (US$ million) XLS
Table 4.24 Total Debt Service Paid by Developing Member Economies (percent of exports of goods, services, and income) XLS
Tourism
Table 4.25 International Tourists (thousand) XLS
Table 4.26 International Tourism, Receipts (US$ million) XLS

Transport, Electricity, and Communications

Commentary for Transport, Electricity, and Communications

Vehicle ownership is growing rapidly together with expansion of road networks in the region. Higher vehicle use comes with a cost and road accident deaths are rising in many countries, calling for action to make roads safer. Increasing industrialization and household electrification rates are leading to large increases in per capita electricity consumption, though wide disparities exist in per capita consumption between the rich and poor economies in the region.

Transport
Table 5.1 Road Indicators: Network XLS
Table 5.2 Road Indicators: Vehicles XLS
Table 5.3 Road Indicators: Safety XLS
Table 5.4 Rail Indicators XLS
Electricity
Table 5.5 Electricity Production and Sources XLS
Table 5.6 Electricity Consumption and Electrification XLS
Communications
Table 5.7 Telephone and Internet Subscriptions XLS

Energy and Environment

Commentary for Energy and Environment

With one-third share in global GDP, Asia and the Pacific also uses over one-third of the world's energy. In 2008, the People's Republic of China consumed nearly half of Asia's energy. Energy productivity continues to rise, and by 2008, most economies in the region were generating more GDP from a given input of energy than in 2000. Asia's economic progress brings rising emissions of greenhouse gases. Since 2000, per capita emissions have risen in 16 of the 20 countries for which data are available.

Energy
Table 6.1 GDP Per Unit of Energy Use XLS
Table 6.2 Energy Production XLS
Table 6.3 Energy Imports, Net XLS
Table 6.4 Energy Use XLS
Environment
Table 6.5 Agriculture Land Use XLS
Table 6.6 Deforestation and Pollution XLS

Government and Governance

Commentary for Government and Governance

Fiscal balances improved in 2010 as economies throughout the region recovered from the financial crisis. Government spending on social security and welfare as a ratio to GDP has been rising in many countries, although in these countries, the ratios are still mostly below 3% and well short of the 8%–14% ratios in the developed countries of Australia, Japan, and New Zealand. The days needed to register a new business vary enormously within the region—from 1 day to more than 100 days. But in the last 5 years, most countries have managed to improve their business environment by shortening the registration process.

Government Finance
Table 7.1 Fiscal Balance XLS
Table 7.2 Tax Revenue XLS
Table 7.3 Total Government Revenue XLS
Table 7.4 Total Government Expenditure XLS
Table 7.5 Government Expenditure on Education XLS
Table 7.6 Government Expenditure on Health XLS
Table 7.7 Government Expenditure on Social Security and Welfare XLS
Governance
Table 7.8 Doing Business Start-Up Indicators XLS
Table 7.9 Corruption Perceptions Index XLS