ADB Upgrades Forecast for Developing Asia as Broad Recovery Continues

MANILA, PHILIPPINES - The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has upgraded its economic forecast for developing Asia after first-quarter data showed broad-based growth driven by buoyant exports, strong private demand, and sustained stimulus policy effects.

In a special assessment of the region released today, ADB said it now expects developing Asia to grow by an aggregate 7.9% in 2010, up from the 7.5% predicted in its Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2010 published in April. ADB warns downside risks in the second half of the year including uncertain global environment, unpredictable private domestic demand, and the risks of dramatic capital flows and exchange rate fluctuations. As such, the growth outlook for 2011 is kept unchanged at 7.3%.

Developing Asia comprises 45 member countries of ADB and covers Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

“The stronger-than-anticipated export rebound and much-improved consumer confidence have helped the region’s economies recover faster than we expected. We are seeing the newly industrialized and Southeast Asian economies leading the way,” said Jong-Wha Lee, ADB’s Chief Economist.

ADB forecasts East Asia – comprising the People’s Republic of China (PRC); Hong Kong, China; Republic of Korea; and Taipei,China – to expand 8.4%, slightly higher than the 8.3% predicted earlier this year.

Higher investment has helped the latter three economies, as production and consumer spending have started picking up and exports are recovering strongly.

The economic forecast for PRC is maintained at 9.6%. Recent measures to slow credit growth and cool speculation in the property market will likely lead to slower investment in the coming quarters. Industrial output and the purchasing managers’ indexes also suggest a soft landing for the Chinese economy.

Aggregate growth in Southeast Asia is now expected to be 6.7% this year, sharply higher than the previous projection of 5.1%. First-quarter growth in the five bigger economies in this region (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand) exceeded expectations on account of strong exports, robust industrial production, and improved consumer confidence. The subgroup is projected to post 6.8% growth this year.

In South Asia, recent economic indicators have been broadly within expectations. ADB forecasts aggregate growth of 7.5%, slightly higher than the April projection of 7.4%. India’s growth projection is unchanged at 8.2%.

Improving global conditions as well as higher oil prices have helped the economies in Central Asia so far in 2010. ADB now sees the region’s economy growing an aggregate 4.8%, up slightly from the ADO’s forecast of 4.7%.

Growth in the Pacific island economies is now forecast at 3.8%, versus 3.7% forecast in April. However, performances vary across economies with weakness in some being balanced by resilience elsewhere.

ADB publishes its Asian Development Outlook for developing Asia in March or April and updates those forecasts in the Asian Development Outlook Update in September. It publishes the Asia Economic Monitor, a study of the 14 economies of emerging East Asia in July and December. The Asia Economic Monitor was also released today.

 

GDP growth rate for developing Asia, 2010 (% per year)
Subregion/Economy ADO 2010 Revised
 
Developing Asia 7.5 7.9
     
Emerging East Asia 7.7 8.1
     
East Asia 8.3 8.4
China, People's Republic of 9.6 9.6
     
Southeast Asia 5.1 6.7
ASEAN-5 5.1 6.8
     
South Asia 7.4 7.5
India 8.2 8.2
     
Central Asia 4.7 4.8
     
The Pacific 3.7 3.8


Note: Developing Asia refers to 44 developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank and Brunei Darussalam, an unclassified regional member ; Emerging East Asia comprises East and Southeast Asian economies except Mongolia; East Asia comprises People’s Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; Republic of Korea; Mongolia, and Taipei,China; Southeast Asia comprises the ASEAN-5 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) plus the economies of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, and Viet Nam; South Asia comprises Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka; Central Asia comprises Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan; and The Pacific comprises Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Kiribati, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.



Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2010. Asian Development Outlook 2010; and staff estimates.