MANILA, PHILIPPINES - About 114,000 households in Viet Nam's central region will benefit from improved water supply and sanitation and enhanced community health through a project supported by a $53.2 million loan from ADB.
Most of the recent infrastructure investments in Viet Nam are concentrated in the northern and southern urban areas, anchored by Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, while investments in the small and medium-sized towns of the central region - one of Viet Nam's poorest - have been neglected.
"The lack of infrastructure maintenance and investment has led to the pollution of waterways, flooding, waterborne diseases, and unhygienic conditions," says Januar Hakim, an ADB Urban Development Specialist.
"With improved water supply and sanitation, it is expected that the project towns in the Central Region will become more productive and competitive, and catch up with towns in other regions."
The project will help develop and expand water supply and sanitation infrastructure in eight towns in the country's central region.
Specifically, the project will develop and expand water supply in Ca Na, Gia Nghia, and Ninh Hoa to improve access to safe water for about 58,000 people and reduce the risk of public exposure to waterborne and water-related pathogens in tap water.
In six towns (Cam Ranh, Gia Nghia, Phan Thiet, Song Cau, Thap Cham, and Tuy Hoa), drainage and wastewater treatment works will be carried out to protect 461,000 people from flood damage and water-related diseases.
Solid waste management will be improved in three towns (Cam Ranh, Gia Nghia, and Song Cau) to clean up the environment, make conditions healthier for waste pickers in landfill sites, and support ongoing private sector waste collection to the benefit of more than 30,000 households.
A community environmental and sanitation awareness component will also educate the public on the importance of good environmental hygiene and sanitation to risk to public health.
The total cost of the project is estimated at $66.72 million, with ADB's loan financing about 80% of this. The Government and local governments will shoulder the balance.
The provincial people's committees of the project towns will serve as executing agencies for the project, which will be carried out over five years to December 2011.