ADB Supports Education in Uzbekistan

As Uzbekistan's lead development partner in education, the Asian Development Bank works to expand access to schooling, improve the quality of pre-primary, basic and upper secondary education, and implement sector reforms in the Central Asian country.

Tangible results

In recent years, Uzbekistan has achieved significant results in education including attaining the Millennium Development Goal target of universal primary education. About 90% of pupils in relevant age groups are enrolled in primary education, with 92% of enrolled students completing primary level. Almost all students (99%) that complete their primary education continue on to secondary school. All primary school teachers have completed required pre- or in-service training programs.

Improvements in education have contributed to increasing the proportion of the employed aged 15 and over from 52% in 1996 to 58% in 2008. The national poverty incidence fell from 31.5% in 2000 to 25.8% in 2005, while gross domestic product per capita (in constant 2000 US dollars) grew from $558 in 2000 to $893 in 2009.

Figure 1: Repetition Rates in Uzbekistan Schools among Students in Grades 1 to 11, 2001–2006

Source: ADB. 2010. Sector Assistance Program Evaluation: Uzbekistan Education. Manila.

ADB's contribution

Key outputs of ADB-financed projects over the period 2003 to 2010 are:

  • 2,900 schools built or rehabilitated (30% of the country's 9,773 total between 2006 and 2007), affecting almost 900,000 students;
  • around 5.6 million students received textbooks and other learning materials [90% of the country's total enrolled in basic education (grades 1–9)]; and
  • 72,800 teachers received training (16% of the country's 450,300 total).

With a total of $299 million in loans, technical assistance, and grants for Uzbekistan's education sector approved between 1997 and 2010, ADB is the country's lead development partner in the area—accounting for 84% of total donor funds. This amount includes $81.9 million from the Asian Development Fund [link to Asian Development Fund website], $210.5 million from ordinary capital resources, and $6.6 million from other sources.

Figure 2: ADB's Contribution to Financing Commitments and Outputs Delivered in the Education Sector in Uzbekistan, 1997–2010

ADB = Asian Development Bank.
a Schools built or rehabilitated by ADB-funded projects as a percentage of all classrooms in the country in 2007. Projects may include financing from the government and other development partners.
Source: ADB. 2010. Sector Assistance Program Evaluation: Uzbekistan Education. Manila.

Three projects aimed at improving Uzbekistan's education sector are financed through the Asian Development Fund.

The Basic Education Textbook Development Project [link to project website] ensured the availability of quality textbooks and learning materials through an innovative textbook rental scheme for students and a revolving fund that provides loans and training to textbook publishers and printers. The project helped improve the ratio of textbooks per pupil from two or three per student in 1997 to 10 textbooks per pupil enrolled in grades 1–9 in 2003. It also supported the growth of a competitive book publishing industry. About 5.6 million students or 90% of students in grades 1–9 benefited from 60 million textbooks and learning materials produced under the project, which run between 1998 and 2004.

The ICT in Basic Education Project, [link to project website] which was approved for $30 million in 2005, is expected to benefit 540,000 students by providing ICT equipment, e-learning materials, and internet access to 860 cluster leader schools, and upgrading the skills of 70,940 teachers on ICT-based approaches.

An estimated 670,000 students will benefit from the Rural Basic Education Project, [link to project website] which was approved for $30 million in 2007, through the rehabilitation of 700 schools and the provision of in-service training for 43,000 teachers in rural areas.