Afghanistan is a founding member of ADB, which was established in 1966. ADB resumed its partnership with the Government of Afghanistan after a hiatus from 1980 to 2001. ADB and other development partners support the Afghanistan National Development Strategy and national priority programs, which remain the agreed basis of the partnership. ADB is committed to support Afghanistan in the long term during the post-transition period beyond 2014. ADB recognizes the current political and security challenges and believes that positive economic activities and regional cooperation are key factors that will bring peace and prosperity to Afghanistan.
As of 31 December 2013, cumulative lending reached $952.3 million. ADB's overall assistance is fully aligned with the government’s priorities in the infrastructure sectors - transport, energy, and natural resources - as well as economic management. ADB is taking a leading role through the Central Asia Regional Economic Corporation (CAREC) Program to connect Afghanistan with its immediate neighbors.