Afghanistan is a founding member of ADB, which was established in 1966. ADB resumed its partnership with the Government of Afghanistan after a hiatus from 1980 to 2001. ADB and other development partners support the Afghanistan National Development Strategy and national priority programs, which remain the agreed basis of the partnership. ADB is committed to support Afghanistan in the long term during the post-transition period beyond 2014. ADB recognizes the current political and security challenges and believes that positive economic activities and regional cooperation are key factors that will bring peace and prosperity to Afghanistan.
As of 31 December 2014, cumulative lending to Afghanistan totaled $1.0 billion, and grants amounted to $3.0 billion. Overall ADB assistance is fully aligned with the government’s priorities in the infrastructure sectors of transport, energy, and natural resources. Support also focuses on economic management.