The frequency of intense floods and storms is increasing globally and in Asia and the Pacific amid the spectre of climate change, pointing to the need for better mitigation and adaptation to natural disasters. This synthesis presents the lessons drawn from recent evaluations of information sourced from publicly available databases.
These show climate-related disasters are on the rise, with the number of intense hydro-meteorological disasters globally in 2001-2010 increasing 66% to 2,004 incidents from 1,210 in 1991-2000. The study concludes that the main effects of climate change may well be felt in the near future and that natural disasters are taking a heavier toll on low-income and lower-middle-income countries. It says that better mitigation and adaptation, such as accelerating plans for the clean development mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, as well as refining hazard mapping and risk assessment systems, are needed.