The United Nations LDC IV Conference adopted the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) for the Decade 2011-2020 in May 2011. The IPoA, among other things noted that while the Brussels Programme of Action (BPoA) has had a positive role to play in the development process of the LDCs, the specific goals and action of the BPoA have not been fully achieved. The improved economic performance in some LDCs had a limited impact on employment creation and poverty reduction. In many LDCs, structural transformation was very limited, and their vulnerability to external shocks has not been reduced.
The aim of IPoA is to enable half the number of LDCs to meet the criteria for graduation by 2020. Genuine partnership and solidarity with understanding and recognition that LDCs, as the most vulnerable group of countries, need effective national policies, enhanced global support and appropriate mechanisms at all levels for the achievement of the goals and objectives of IPoA. In terms of implementation, follow-up and monitoring of IPoA at the regional level, the relevant United Nations regional commissions, including ESCAP, and agencies were requested to undertake biennial reviews of the implementation of IPoA in close coordination with the global-level and country-level follow-up processes and in cooperation with subregional and regional development banks and intergovernmental organizations. This consultation will also discuss the perspectives of LDCs on the post-2015 development agenda, their needs and priorities.
The main objective of the Regional Meeting is to review the progress made and challenges encountered by Asia-Pacific (LDCs) in implementing the IPoA since its adoption in May 2011, especially the Asia-Pacific Regional Road Map which was adopted by the Regional Meeting in December 2011 and to discuss the way forward and the perspectives of LDC on the Post-2015 development agenda.
Senior government policymakers dealing directly with the implementation of the IPoA and other stakeholders from 13 Asia-Pacific LDCs i.e. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Kiribati, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu will take part in the Meeting. The UN system, relevant regional organizations, development partners, civil society representatives, and the private sector from the Asia-Pacific region will also be invited.